China

National People's Congress

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (National People's Congress)
Chamber name
Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (National People's Congress)
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1984
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the NPC
Speaker
Li Zhanshu (Male)
Year of birth
1950
Term
17.03.2018

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General of the Standing Committee
Secretary General
Yang Zhenwu (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Elected on 17 March 2018.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
3,000
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirectly elected by the provincial people's congresses.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
2,975
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
2,233
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
742
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
24.94% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
1,397,029
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
465,676 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Roulin Chen (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
88
Oldest member
Jilan Shen (Female)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 37 130 177 480 1595 540 17 1 0
Total <= 45: 344 Total >= 46: 2633
Male 0 12 55 93 309 1323 472 14 0 0 2278
Female 0 25 75 84 171 272 68 3 1 0 699
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.24%0.4%0.84%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger5.61%2.25%3.36%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger11.56%5.37%6.18%
Members for whom data is available
2977

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.

Number of reserved seats, by group

Notes
at least one deputy from each ethnic minority group in the country
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Each party must ensure that the number of women candidates is at least one-third of the total number of candidates to be fielded by a political party in the proportional elections and in the first-past-the-post electoral system
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.