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Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Ecuador

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National Assembly

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Asamblea Nacional (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Asamblea Nacional (National Assembly)
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1931-01 to 1933-01
from 1979-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
President of the National Assembly
Speaker
César Ernesto Litardo Caicedo (Male)
Term
14.05.2019
Additional information
Elected on 14 May 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
María Belén Rocha (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Elected on 10 April 2018.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
137
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
137
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
52
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
37.96% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
16,144
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
117,839 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 15 37 23 24 25 12 1 0 0
Total <= 45: 75 Total >= 46: 62
Male 0 5 19 11 16 18 10 1 0 0 80
Female 0 10 18 12 8 7 2 0 0 0 57
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger10.95%3.65%7.3%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger37.96%17.52%20.44%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger54.74%25.55%29.2%
Members for whom data is available
137

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. For the elections through the system of proportional representation, the names of men and women candidates shall alternate. Candidate lists for elections to the National Assembly, the Andean and Latin American Parliament, the regional councils, as well as the district, municipal and rural councils, shall be formed with an equal number sequence (woman–man or man–woman) to complete the total number of principal and alternative candidates.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.