Egypt

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Chamber name
Majlis Al-Nuwab (House of Representatives)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1924 to 2013
from 2016
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
African Group
Arab group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Hanafy Ali El Gibaly (Male)
Year of birth
1949
Term
12.01.2021
Additional information
Elected on 12 Jan. 2021.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Ahmed Manna (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 17 Jan. 2021.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
568
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
28
Note on the statutory number of members
Appointed members: appointed by the President.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
592
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
428
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
164
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
27.7% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
896 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
93,778
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
104,663 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Fatma Ahmed Mohsen Mubarak (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
82
Oldest member
Farida Ahmed Taher Malak (Female)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 14 110 71 81 193 102 18 3 0
Total <= 45: 195 Total >= 46: 397
Male 0 3 72 51 60 147 80 14 1 0 428
Female 0 11 38 20 21 46 22 4 2 0 164
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger2.36%0.51%1.86%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger20.95%12.67%8.28%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger32.94%21.28%11.66%
Members for whom data is available
592 See historical data for this field.

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.

Number of reserved seats, by group

Notes
Article 11 of the Constitution says that the State shall take the necessary measures to ensure the appropriate representation of women in the House of Representatives, as specified by Law.
Provisions were previously outlined in the 2015 Elections Law, but in 2019, amendments were made to the Constitution noting that one-fourth of all seats in the lower house are reserved for women (Article 102(1).
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.
Notes
Legislated Quota. Electoral lists consisting of 15 seats contain 2 seats for young people (25-35) and electoral lists consisting of 45 seats contain 6 seats for young people.