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Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Eswatini

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Senat

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Assembly

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Libandla (Parliament)
Chamber name
Senate (Senat)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 2016
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
African Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
President of the Senate
Speaker
Lindiwe Dlamini (Female)
Term
23.10.2018
Additional information
Elected on 23 Oct. 2018.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Clerk to Parliament
Secretary General
Ndvuna S. Dlamini (Male)
Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Acting Clerk-at-the-Table of the Senate
Secretary General
Bhukumusa Cusana Shongwe (Male)

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
10
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
20
Note on the statutory number of members
The Senate shall comprise not more than 31 members. Indirectly elected: elected by the House of Assembly, at least half of whom shall be women. Appointed: appointed by the Head of State, at least eight of whom shall be women.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
30
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
7
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
23.33% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
99 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
1,319
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
13,323 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Sen. Khanyisile Malambe (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
85
Oldest member
Prince Mahlaba Dlamini (Male)

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Number of reserved seats, by group
Women
10
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
At least half of the 10 senators elected by members of the chamber shall be female. At least eight of the twenty Senators appointed by the King should be female. (Constitution 2005, Art. 94, par 2, 3)