New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Germany

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German Bundestag

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theFederal Council

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Chamber name
Deutscher Bundestag (German Bundestag)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1890-01 to 1913-01
from 1921-01 to 1932-01
from 1951-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
President of the German Bundestag
Speaker
Wolfgang Schäuble (Male)
Year of birth
1942
Term
24.10.2017
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
Horst Risse (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
1 Jan. 2013 -

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
598
Other members For example, ex-officio members of parliament, such as Cabinet members, members of the royal family, Attorney General, Speaker if appointed from outside parliament.
111
Note on the statutory number of members
Other: There are 46 overhang seats (Überhangmandate) and 65 balance seats (Ausgleichsmandate).
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
709
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
490
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
219
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
30.89% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
667 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
81,708
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
122,501 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
49.40
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Roman Müller-Böhm (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
77
Oldest member
Wilhelm Von Gottberg (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 16 95 73 105 227 106 9 0 0
Total <= 45: 184 Total >= 46: 447
Male 0 11 61 54 66 131 71 8 0 0 402
Female 0 5 34 19 39 96 35 1 0 0 229
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger2.54%1.74%0.79%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger17.59%11.41%6.18%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger29.16%19.97%9.19%
Members for whom data is available
631

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.