New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Myanmar

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House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Nationalities

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Assembly of the Union)
Chamber name
Pyithu Hluttaw (House of Representatives)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1948-01 to 1963-01
from 2012-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
T Khun Myat (Male)
Year of birth
1950
Term
22.03.2018
Additional information
In accordance with article 76 (a) of the Constitution, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw (House of Nationalities) shall also serve as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (joint Parliament) from the day of term of the Pyithu Hluttaw commences up to the end of 30 months. Thereafter the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw (House of Representatives) shall also serve as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw for the remaining term.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Director General of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
Secretary general
Kyaw Soe (Male)
Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Director General of Pyithu Hluttaw
Secretary general
Tin Win Aung (Male)

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
440
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
330
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
110
Note on the statutory number of members
Appointed members: Not more than 110 members who are Defence Services personnel are nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
433
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
384
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
49
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
11.32% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
52,404
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
78,922 See historical data for this field.

Age

Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
28
Youngest member
U Sai Thein Aung (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
81
Oldest member
U Maung Nyo (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 2 41 40 61 127 114 35 1 0
Total <= 45: 83 Total >= 46: 338
Male 0 2 38 38 56 119 106 18 1 0 378
Female 0 0 3 2 5 8 8 17 0 0 43
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0.48%0.48%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger10.21%9.5%0.71%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger19.71%18.53%1.19%
Members for whom data is available
421

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Yes
Number of reserved seats, by group
Notes
Myanmar has reserved seats for the military. 56 members who are Defence Services personnel are nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services; four representatives from each region or territory.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
No
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.
No