Nepal

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Sanghiya Sansad (Federal Parliament)
Chamber name
Pratinidhi Sabha (House of Representatives)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1967
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Agni Sapkota (Male)
Term
26.01.2020
Additional information
Elected on 26 Jan. 2020.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Bharat Raj Gautam (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
5 May 2020 - 4 May 2025.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
275
Note on the statutory number of members
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
275
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
90
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
32.73% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
28,656
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
85,796 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members
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See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Pavarti Kumari Bishunke (Female)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 14 31 42 102 72 14 0 0
Total <= 45: 45 Total >= 46: 230
Male 0 0 2 18 24 71 56 13 0 0 184
Female 0 0 12 13 18 31 16 1 0 0 91
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger5.09%0.73%4.36%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger16.36%7.27%9.09%
Members for whom data is available
275

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.

Number of reserved seats, by group

Notes
Women: one-third of total members elected from each party represented in the Federal Parliament, Consitution Art. 84(8) + Election for the Speaker and Deputy-Speaker shall be so held that there is one woman out of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker (Constitution, art. 91)
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Each party must ensure that the number of women candidates is at least one third of the total number of candidates to be fielded by a political party in the proportional elections and in the first-past-the-post electoral system (Constituent Assembly Ordinance 2013).
If the lists of candidates submitted for the election fail to meet the quota rule, the Commission will return the list to the party concerned in order to align the list with the gender quota regulation. in case of non- compliance, the list will be rejected
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.