Pakistan

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Notes

6 years; one-half of the membership is renewed every 3 years
Parliament name
Majlis-E-Shoora (Parliament)
Chamber name
Senate
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
6

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1948 to 1969
from 1974 to 1978
from 1985 to 2000
from 2003
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Chairman of the Senate
Speaker
Muhammad Sadiq Sanjrani (Male)
Year of birth
1978
Term
12.03.2018
Additional information
Elected on 12 March 2018, re-elected on 12 March 2021.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary
Secretary General
Mohammad Qasim Samad Khan (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 4 Dec. 2020.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
100
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
100
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirectly elected:
- 23 by each of the country's four provincial assemblies;
- 4 by the members of the National Assembly who represent the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas;
- 4 chosen to represent the federal capital, Islamabad, by the members of the National Assembly.
Of the 100 seats, 17 seats are reserved for women, 17 others are reserved for technocrats and ulemas, and four for non-Muslim minorities (one member per province).

In May 2018, the National Assembly and the Senate adopted constitutional amendments merging the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province. The amendments will abolish eight Senate seats for FATA upon expiry of the incumbent senators’ terms. The statutory number of members of the Senate will thus be reduced by eight in two phases: from 104 to 100 after the half renewal in March 2021 and from 100 to 96 after the half renewal in March 2024.
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
100
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
81
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
19
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
19% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
442 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
189,381
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
428,464 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Nawabzada Saif Ullah Magsi (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
84
Oldest member
Hamza (Male)

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.

Number of reserved seats, by group

Women
17
Minorities
4
Notes
17 seats reserved for technocrats including Ulema
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.