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Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Republic of Korea

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National Assembly

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Kuk Hoe (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Kuk Hoe (National Assembly)
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1964-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the National Assembly
Speaker
Hee-Sang Moon (Male)
Year of birth
1945
Term
13.07.2018 to 29.05.2020
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
Ihn-tae Yoo (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 16 July 2018.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
300
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
300
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
250
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
50
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
16.67% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
50,594
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
168,647 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Su Min KIM (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
72
Oldest member
Jie Won PARK (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 7 12 49 138 87 7 0 0
Total <= 45: 19 Total >= 46: 281
Male 0 0 3 9 38 115 79 7 0 0 251
Female 0 0 4 3 11 23 8 0 0 0 49
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger2.33%1%1.33%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger6.33%4%2.33%
Members for whom data is available
300

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. For the 56 seats allocated by proportional representation (multi-member national constituency), political parties must include 50 percent women on their candidate lists. For the election of members to represent the Assembly’s 243 single-member constituencies, it is recommended that political parties include at least 30% women candidates.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.