About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Federal Parliament
Chamber name
Aqalka Sare (Upper House)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1963 to 1969
from 1980 to 1991
from 2006 to 2009
from 2013
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
African Group


Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the Upper House
Abdi Hashi Abdilahi (Male)
Year of birth
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Ali Mohamed Jama (Male)


Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirectly elected by state assemblies.

The Upper House shall comprise no more than 54 members drawn from: the 18 regions that existed in Somalia before 1991; the current number of federal member states in Somalia. All federal member states shall have an equal number of representatives in the Upper House.

Three seats are reserved for the clans of Sool, Eastern Sanaag and Buuhoodle. One of those seats belongs to minorities in the clan areas.
Two further seats are reserved for the Somaliland communities.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
24.07% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
329 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
42,274 See historical data for this field.


Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.


Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 2 9 5 9 10 12 7 0 0
Total <= 45: 16 Total >= 46: 38
Male 0 1 5 3 6 7 12 7 0 0 41
Female 0 1 4 2 3 3 0 0 0 0 13
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger3.7%1.85%1.85%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger20.37%11.11%9.26%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger29.63%16.67%12.96%
Members for whom data is available

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.