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Tonga

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Legislative Assembly

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Fale Alea (Legislative Assembly)
Chamber name
Fale Alea (Legislative Assembly)
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 2014-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
Speaker
Lord Fakafanua (Male)
Year of birth
1985
Term
18.12.2017
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Clerk
Secretary general
Gloria L Guttenbeil-Pole'o (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 28 Jan. 2013.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
17
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
9
Other members For example, ex-officio members of parliament, such as Cabinet members, members of the royal family, Attorney General, Speaker if appointed from outside parliament.
1
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirectly elected members: nine nobles
 
 In accordance with Clause 59 of the 2010 Constitution, the Legislative Assembly shall be composed of the representatives of the nobles (currently nine), the representatives of the people (currently 17) and all members of the Cabinet. The Cabinet may include no more than four persons who are not elected to the Legislative Assembly (Clause 51). The Legislative Assembly may thus comprise up to 30 members. 
 The new Cabinet, formed in January 2018, includes one member who was not elected to the Legislative Assembly. This currently brings the total number of Legislative Assembly members to 28.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
27
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
2
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
7.41% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
106
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
3,533 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Lord Fakafanua (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
80
Oldest member
Hon. William Clive Edwards (Male)

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Number of reserved seats, by group
Notes
Nine seats are reserved for nobles
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.