New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

United Kingdom

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House of Commons

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Lords

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
UK Parliament
Chamber name
House of Commons
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Commons
Speaker
John Bercow (Male)
Year of birth
1963
Term
22.06.2009
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Clerk
Secretary general
John Benger (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Sworn in on 1 March 2019.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
650
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
650
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
442
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
208
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
32% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
1,441 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
66,573
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
46,199 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
50.50
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Mhairi Black (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
86
Oldest member
Dennis Skinner (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 1 19 110 111 0 102 205 83 15 3
Total <= 45: 241 Total >= 46: 408
Male 0 13 69 79 0 71 142 69 12 3 458
Female 1 6 41 32 0 31 63 14 3 0 191
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger3.08%2%1.08%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger20.03%12.63%7.4%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger37.13%24.81%12.33%
Members for whom data is available
649 See historical data for this field.

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.