United Kingdom

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
UK Parliament
Chamber name
House of Lords
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Lord Speaker
Speaker
Lord Fowler (Male)
Year of birth
1938
Term
01.09.2016
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Clerk
Secretary General
Edward Ollard (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
16 April 2017 -

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
800
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Principal mode of designation of members
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
663
Other members For example, ex-officio members of parliament, such as Cabinet members, members of the royal family, Attorney General, Speaker if appointed from outside parliament.
112
Note on the statutory number of members
There is no restriction on the number of members. In practice, the upper limit has been around 800 members. Appointed members: 663 life peers appointed by the Crown on the advice of the Prime Minister. Other: 87 hereditary peers and 25 archbishops and bishops.
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
795
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
562
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
213
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
26.79% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
1,450 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
66,573
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
45,912 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
70.00
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Joanna Penn (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
93
Oldest member
Tony Christopher (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 5 10 16 93 218 292 140 11
Total <= 45: 15 Total >= 46: 770
Male 0 0 3 6 8 54 153 221 115 9 569
Female 0 0 2 4 8 39 65 71 25 2 216
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger0.64%0.38%0.25%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger1.91%1.15%0.76%
Members for whom data is available
785 See historical data for this field.

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.

Number of reserved seats, by group

Notes
26 bishops in the Church of England, 92 heredity peers.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.