New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Viet Nam

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National Assembly

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1957-01 to 1963-01
from 1968-01 to 1975-01
from 1979-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
President of the National Assembly
Speaker
Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan (Female)
Year of birth
1954
Term
31.03.2016
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
Nguyen Hanh Phuc (Male)

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
500
Note on the statutory number of members
In accordance with the law on the organization of the National Assembly, the number of members shall not exceed 500.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
494
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
132
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
26.72% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
93,572
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
187,144 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Sen Vu Thi Huong (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
70
Oldest member
Hoan Le Ngoc (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 6 37 33 56 316 45 7 0 0
Total <= 45: 76 Total >= 46: 424
Male 0 1 8 20 35 264 42 6 0 0 376
Female 0 5 29 13 21 52 3 1 0 0 124
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.2%0.2%1%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger8.6%1.8%6.8%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger15.2%5.8%9.4%
Members for whom data is available
500

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
No voluntary or legislated candidate quotas in place. However, Article 10a, Chapter 2 of the “Law on Election of National Assembly Deputies” approved by the VNA stipulates that “the number of National Assembly female deputies will be projected by the National Assembly Standing Committee in accordance with recommendation by the Delegation of Central Executive Committee of Viet Nam Women’s Union to guarantee that women have appropriate numbers of representatives in the National Assembly”.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.