Parliamentary elections

This page provides links to the details of the results of the latest parliamentary election in every country.

The “Last election” column displays the dates of the most recent general/regular elections for directly/indirectly elected parliaments/chambers; and the most recent renewal dates for parliaments/chambers using other modes of designation. The dates of elections are not displayed for a few upper chambers that sit continuously, or for parliaments where the dates cannot be immediately known for various reasons.

The “Expected date of next elections” column indicates the date when the next elections/renewal should normally take place, based on law or practice. Unless relevant laws set a specific election day, dates are calculated based on the dates of the most recent elections/renewal and the term of the chamber or the timing of the partial renewal.

CountryChamberStructure of parliamentChamber typePrincipal mode of designation of membersLast electionExpected date of next elections
AlbaniaParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected25 Apr 202130 Apr 2026
AndorraGeneral CouncilUnicameralDirectly elected07 Apr 201930 Apr 2023
ArmeniaNational AssemblyUnicameralDirectly elected20 Jun 202130 Jun 2026
AustriaNational CouncilBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected29 Sep 201930 Sep 2024
AustriaFederal CouncilBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected--
AzerbaijanNational AssemblyUnicameralDirectly elected09 Feb 202028 Feb 2025
BelarusHouse of RepresentativesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected17 Nov 201930 Nov 2023
BelarusCouncil of the RepublicBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected07 Nov 201930 Nov 2023
BelgiumHouse of RepresentativesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected26 May 201931 May 2024
BelgiumSenateBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected04 Jul 201931 Jul 2024
Bosnia and HerzegovinaHouse of RepresentativesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected07 Oct 201831 Oct 2022
Bosnia and HerzegovinaHouse of PeoplesBicameralUpper chamberAppointed28 Feb 201929 Feb 2024
BulgariaNational AssemblyUnicameralDirectly elected14 Nov 202130 Nov 2025
CroatiaCroatian ParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected05 Jul 202031 Jul 2024
CyprusHouse of RepresentativesUnicameralDirectly elected30 May 202131 May 2026
Czech RepublicChamber of DeputiesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected08 Oct 2021 - 09 Oct 202131 Oct 2025
Czech RepublicSenateBicameralUpper chamberDirectly elected02 Oct 2020 - 10 Oct 202031 Oct 2022
DenmarkThe Danish ParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected05 Jun 201930 Jun 2023
EstoniaThe Estonian ParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected03 Mar 201905 Mar 2023
FinlandParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected14 Apr 201930 Apr 2023
FranceNational AssemblyBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected11 Jun 2017 - 18 Jun 201712 Jun 2022
FranceSenateBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected27 Sep 202030 Sep 2023
GeorgiaParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected31 Oct 2020 - 21 Nov 202026 Oct 2024
GermanyGerman BundestagBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected26 Sep 202130 Sep 2025
GermanyFederal CouncilBicameralUpper chamberAppointed--
GreeceHellenic ParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected07 Jul 201931 Jul 2023
HungaryNational AssemblyUnicameralDirectly elected08 Apr 201803 Apr 2022
IcelandParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected25 Sep 202130 Sep 2025
IrelandHouse of RepresentativesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected08 Feb 202028 Feb 2025
IrelandSenateBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected30 Mar 2020 - 31 Mar 202031 Mar 2025
ItalyChamber of DeputiesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected04 Mar 201831 Mar 2023
ItalySenateBicameralUpper chamberDirectly elected04 Mar 201831 Mar 2023
LatviaParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected06 Oct 201801 Oct 2022
LiechtensteinDietUnicameralDirectly elected07 Feb 202102 Feb 2025
LithuaniaParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected11 Oct 2020 - 25 Oct 202031 Oct 2024
LuxembourgChamber of DeputiesUnicameralDirectly elected14 Oct 201831 Oct 2023
MaltaHouse of RepresentativesUnicameralDirectly elected03 Jun 201731 Jul 2022
MonacoNational CouncilUnicameralDirectly elected11 Feb 201828 Feb 2023
MontenegroParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected30 Aug 202031 Aug 2024
NetherlandsHouse of RepresentativesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected17 Mar 202131 Mar 2025
NetherlandsSenateBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected27 May 201931 May 2023
North MacedoniaAssembly of the RepublicUnicameralDirectly elected15 Jul 202031 Jul 2024
NorwayParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected13 Sep 202130 Sep 2025
PolandSejmBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected13 Oct 201931 Oct 2023
PolandSenateBicameralUpper chamberDirectly elected13 Oct 201931 Oct 2023
PortugalAssembly of the RepublicUnicameralDirectly elected06 Oct 201930 Jan 2022
Republic of MoldovaParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected11 Jul 202131 Jul 2025
RomaniaChamber of DeputiesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected06 Dec 202031 Dec 2024
RomaniaSenateBicameralUpper chamberDirectly elected06 Dec 202031 Dec 2024
Russian FederationState DumaBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected19 Sep 202130 Sep 2026
Russian FederationCouncil of the FederationBicameralUpper chamberAppointed--
San MarinoGreat and General CouncilUnicameralDirectly elected08 Dec 201931 Dec 2024
SerbiaNational AssemblyUnicameralDirectly elected21 Jun 202030 Jun 2024
SlovakiaNational CouncilUnicameralDirectly elected29 Feb 202029 Feb 2024
SloveniaNational AssemblyBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected03 Jun 201824 Apr 2022
SloveniaNational CouncilBicameralUpper chamberIndirectly elected22 Nov 2017 - 23 Nov 201730 Nov 2022
SpainCongress of DeputiesBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected10 Nov 201930 Nov 2023
SpainSenateBicameralUpper chamberDirectly elected10 Nov 201930 Nov 2023
SwedenParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected09 Sep 201811 Sep 2022
SwitzerlandNational CouncilBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected20 Oct 201931 Oct 2023
SwitzerlandCouncil of StatesBicameralUpper chamberDirectly elected20 Oct 2019 - 24 Nov 201931 Oct 2023
TurkeyGrand National Assembly of TurkeyUnicameralDirectly elected24 Jun 201830 Jun 2023
UkraineParliamentUnicameralDirectly elected21 Jul 201931 Jul 2024
United KingdomHouse of CommonsBicameralLower chamberDirectly elected12 Dec 201902 May 2024
United KingdomHouse of LordsBicameralUpper chamberAppointed--