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Zimbabwe

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Assemblée nationale

Ce parlement est bicaméral. Voir la fiche de : Sénat

Données historiques sur les femmes

Données concernant le droit des femmes de voter et de se présenter aux élections, la date à laquelle la première femme a été élue au parlement, et les femmes chefs d'Etat ou de Gouvernement.

Vote des femmes

Date d’indépendance Pour les pays ayant obtenu leur indépendance après 1940
1980
Droit de vote des femmes
National ou local Vote : national ou local
National
Suffrage restreint ou universel Vote : restreint ou universel
Restricted
Détail des restrictions Vote : détails sur les restrictions
European men and women only
Droit de vote Année lorsque les femmes ont obtenu le droit de vote
1957
National ou local Vote : national ou local
National
Suffrage restreint ou universel Vote : restreint ou universel
Restricted
Notes Vote : notes complémentaires sur le droit de vote
Prior to independence, women were granted the right to vote under the following restrictions: Up to 1957, only men and European women could vote. In 1957, a qualified right to vote was extended to black married women. A wife was deemed to have the same means of qualifications as her husband, but in the case of a polygamous marriage, this privilege only applied to the first wife. Wives were required to have literacy in English and any educational qualifications in their own right. In order to be registered as a general voter, a person had to have one of four alternative qualifications: (i) income of £ 720 per annum or ownership or immovable property valued at £ 1,500; (ii) income of £ 3,480 per annum or ownership of immovable property valued at £ 1,000 plus the completion of a primary course of education of prescribed standard; (iii) being a minister of religion, who had undergone certain stipulated training and periods of service in the Ministry and who followed no other profession, trade or gainful occupation; (iv) being a chief as defined in the Act.
Droit de vote Année lorsque les femmes ont obtenu le droit de vote
1980
National ou local Vote : national ou local
National
Suffrage restreint ou universel Vote : restreint ou universel
Universal
Notes Vote : notes complémentaires sur le droit de vote
Prior to independence, women were granted the right to vote under the following restrictions: Between 1919 and 1957, only men and European women could vote. In 1957, a qualified right to vote was extended to black married women. A wife was deemed to have the same means of qualifications as her husband, but in the case of a polygamous marriage, this privilege only applied to the first wife. Wives were required to have literacy in English and any educational qualifications in their own right. In order to be registered as a general voter, a person had to have one of four alternative qualifications: (i) income of £ 720 per annum or ownership or immovable property valued at £ 1,500; (ii) income of £ 3,480 per annum or ownership of immovable property valued at £ 1,000 plus the completion of a primary course of education of prescribed standard; (iii) being a minister of religion, who had undergone certain stipulated training and periods of service in the Ministry and who followed no other profession, trade or gainful occupation; (iv) being a chief as defined in the Act.
Droit d’éligibilité des femmes
Droit d’éligibilité Année lorsque les femmes ont obtenu le droit d’éligibilité
1980
National ou local Eligibilité : nationale ou locale
National
Suffrage restreint ou universel Candidature aux élections : restreinte ou universelle
Universal
Notes Eligibilité : notes complémentaires sur le droit d’éligibilité
Prior to independence, women were granted the right to vote and stand for election under the following restrictions: Between 1919 and 1957, only men and European women could vote. In 1957, a qualified right to vote was extended to black married women. A wife was deemed to have the same means of qualifications as her husband, but in the case of a polygamous marriage, this privilege only applied to the first wife. Wives were required to have literacy in English and any educational qualifications in their own right. In order to be registered as a general voter, a person had to have one of four alternative qualifications: (i) income of £ 720 per annum or ownership or immovable property valued at £ 1,500; (ii) income of £ 3,480 per annum or ownership of immovable property valued at £ 1,000 plus the completion of a primary course of education of prescribed standard; (iii) being a minister of religion, who had undergone certain stipulated training and periods of service in the Ministry and who followed no other profession, trade or gainful occupation; (iv) being a chief as defined in the Act.
Première femme au parlement
Première femme au parlement Année lorsque la première femme est entrée au parlement
1980
Notes