New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Afghanistan

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House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Elders

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Atta Mohammad Dehqanpoor (Male)
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary general
Abdul Qader Aryubi (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 27 April 2019.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
176
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
68
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
27.87% See historical data for this field.

Age

Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
126
Total per sex
Total of male
176
Total of female
69
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
4
31-40
59
41-45
56
46-50
35
51-60
78
61-70
11
71-80
2
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 4 59 56 35 78 11 2 0 0
Total <= 45: 119 Total >= 46: 126
Male 0 1 38 34 22 68 11 2 0 0 176
Female 0 3 21 22 13 10 0 0 0 0 69
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.63%0.41%1.22%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger25.71%15.92%9.8%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger48.57%29.8%18.78%

Reserved seats and quotas

Number of reserved seats, by group
Women
68
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
‘If there are not enough female candidates on the list to occupy the allocated seat, the Commission shall adopt measures to make sure the seats do not remain vacant.’ (Electoral Law 2010, Article 23)
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,565
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
417
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
16.26%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
417
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
16.26%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
176
Number of women elected
68
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
27.2%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
- The “Number of men elected” under the Results section and the “Total number of men after the election” under the New legislature section include one male candidate-elect who passed away in February 2019. - The “Women Other” refers to outgoing members representing Ghazni province where elections were not held in 2018. At the moment of the first session, held on 26 April 2019, the House of the People comprised 211 members, including 59 women. As at 18 May 2019, there were 68 women out of 244 members, with 6 vacancies as follows: - 66 women out of 238 seats for which the 2018 election results had been announced (of which only 237 seats were filled as one male member had passed away); - 2 women (out of 6 outgoing members) representing Ghazni province where elections were not held in 2018. New members will be elected in parallel with the presidential elections scheduled for 28 September 2019.
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
66
Women Other
2

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
176
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
68
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1963
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Literacy
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
The right to vote was granted in the 1963 Constitution which entered into force in 1964. The restriction no longer exists.
Women’s right to stand for election
Right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1963
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1965
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
Parliamentary caucus to promote women political participation
Date of creation
05.2014
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
No
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes
Issues dealt with by the caucus
- Work on the law on violence against women - Promotion of women's political participation
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No