New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Afghanistan

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House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Elders

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
20.10.2018 to 21.10.2018
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Delayed elections
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
250
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,565
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
2,148
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
417
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
16.26%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
84

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
8,840,306

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Much delayed elections to the 250-member House of the People (see note 1) were held in October 2018 (see note 2). Most of the 2,565 candidates stood as independents, with some 200 registered as members of political parties. Both the Taliban and the so-called Islamic State group vowed to disrupt the elections. Nearly 40 per cent of 7,355 polling stations initially planned were closed because of security concerns. About 70,000 members of the security forces were deployed to ensure the elections were passed off peacefully. Nevertheless, the elections were marred by bombings and attacks on polling stations that killed almost 40 people. The announcement of the final results, which were initially due by 20 December, was postponed several times due to numerous complaints and petitions. Over 100 outgoing members subsequently demanded the electoral process be halted and that fresh elections to the House of the People be held. On 12 February 2019, President Ashraf Ghani decreed the dismissal of election commissioners. The new Independent Election Commission (IEC) subsequently validated the results for over 200 seats. On 26 April 2019, more than six months after the elections, President Ashraf Ghani inaugurated the newly elected House of the People. However, the newly-elected legislature plunged into political crisis after the disputed speakership elections held on 18 May. Note 1: The statutory number of the House of the People was increased from 249 to 250 to add one reserved seat for Hindu and Sikhs. Article 83.4 of the Constitution sets the maximum number of members at 250. Sixty-eight seats are reserved for women, two from each of the country’s 34 provinces. Note 2: The elections were constitutionally due in 2015 but were postponed several times due mainly to security concerns and reforms in the voter registration process. The 2018 elections were held for the country’s 33 (out of 34) provinces: on 20 and 21 October across 32 provinces and in Kandahar on 27 October, following the assassination of the powerful provincial police commander shortly before the polling day. A biometric system, which records each voter's photo and fingerprints in order to register, was used for the first time in 2018 so as to avoid repeat votes. Elections have been postponed in Ghazni province (which is overwhelmingly under Taliban control) due to security concerns and the dispute over ethnic representation in electoral constituencies. Ghazni province outgoing members, who were elected in 2010, will retain their seats until their successors are elected. The elections are expected to be held in parallel with the delayed presidential elections. The 2018 elections were to be held in parallel with the District Council elections. However, the District elections were postponed due to a lack of candidates. Thirty-four representatives from the District Council members were due to fill the 34 vacancies in the 102-member House of Elders (upper chamber). Between December 2005 and January 2015, the 34 seats reserved for District Councils, which are yet to be established, had been filled by members of the Provincial Councils as a transitional measure. The mandate of the Provincial Council members was not renewed in 2015 in view of the elections to the House of the People and District Councils. Consequently, the House of Elders continued with 68 sitting members. The District Council elections are now expected to be held on 28 September 2019 in parallel with the delayed presidential elections.
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
176
Number of women elected
68
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
27.2%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
- The “Number of men elected” under the Results section and the “Total number of men after the election” under the New legislature section include one male candidate-elect who passed away in February 2019. - The “Women Other” refers to outgoing members representing Ghazni province where elections were not held in 2018. At the moment of the first session, held on 26 April 2019, the House of the People comprised 211 members, including 59 women. As at 18 May 2019, there were 68 women out of 244 members, with 6 vacancies as follows: - 66 women out of 238 seats for which the 2018 election results had been announced (of which only 237 seats were filled as one male member had passed away); - 2 women (out of 6 outgoing members) representing Ghazni province where elections were not held in 2018. New members will be elected in parallel with the presidential elections scheduled for 28 September 2019.
Sources
House of the People (14.05.2019, 18.05.2019) http://www.iec.org.af/ BBC BBC Monitoring Aljazeera Reuters Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) Afghanistan Analysts Network http://www.afghan-bios.info
Women Directly Elected
66
Women Other
2

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
176
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
68
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
26.04.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Mir Rahman Rahmani (Male)
Date of election
29.06.2019