New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Afghanistan

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House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Elders

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
the work period of the House of People shall terminate, after the disclosure of the results of the elections, on the 1st of Saratan of the 5thyear and the new Parliament shall commence work.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
5 Years
See historical data for this field.

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Notes
constitution, art. 102: if the legal prosecution requires detention, the responsible official shall immediately inform the respective house and obtain its approval.
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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