Austria

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
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Notes
members may only be prosecuted for punishable offences which are in no way connected with their political activities. the prosecuting authority shall, upon demand of the member concerned or of one third of the members of the standing committee having jurisdiction over such matters, seek a decision of the national council on whether or not any such connection exists between the alleged offense and the member’s political activities. if the national council determines that there is a connection between the alleged offence and the member's political activity, it shall at the same time decide on whether or not it approves the prosecution of the member in question. --- (art. 57 (2) and (5) of the federal constitutional law
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
127,282 (2020)
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Basic allowances
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Names of the basic allowances
There are no real allowances, only remunerations. The law concerning these remunerations can be found on the parliamentary website.
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Members of the Nationalrat can be reimbursed for their personal staff under specific legal conditions up to the annual amount of € 67,466.80 per member.
Actual parliamentary expenses may also be reimbursed which may include expenses for the constituency office, travel costs, office equipment, expenses for accommodation etc. up to 578.30 € per month (12 times a year), depending on the travel time between their hometown and parliament.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes no
Committee Chair no no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Speaker - EUR 262,053
First/Second Deputy Speaker - EUR 212,138
Head of parliamentary groups - EUR 212,138
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
The amounts of the salaries and of the possible allowances are provided by law (Federal Emoluments Act) combined with a public announcement of the President of the Court of Audit.
There is an annual automatic rise depending on the inflation rate or the rise of common pensions. The lower rate out of these two percentages is taken.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
The amounts of the salaries and of the possible allowances are provided by law (Federal Emoluments Act) combined with a public announcement of the President of the Court of Audit. There are no real allowances, only remunerations.
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Civil service salary scale
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Notes
Remunerations are limited by law depending on the civil service salary scale.
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Federal Act on the Emoluments of Persons in Highest Federal Offices of Members of the National Council and of the Federal Council (Federal Emoluments Act) along with public announcements by the President of the Austrian Court of Audit.
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
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