New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Madagascar

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National Assembly

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
20.12.2013
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
19.03.2009
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Delayed elections
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.12.2018
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
151
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,052
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,726
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
326
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
15.89%

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
7,823,305
Votes Number of people who actually voted
4,816,027
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
61.56%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The first elections after the 2009 coup produced a fragmented National Assembly. MAPAR, the party supporting the outgoing interim President Andry Rajoelina, came in first, taking 49 seats in the new 151-member National Assembly, followed by the Ravalomanana Movement headed by former President Marc Ravalomanana. The VPM-MMM led by former Deputy Prime Minister Hajo Andrianainarivelo came in third with 13 seats. 28 other parties and 25 candidates running on 23 independent lists won the remaining seats. In the run-off presidential elections, held in parallel with the parliamentary poll, Mr. Hery Rajaonarimampianina - Minister of Finance under Mr. Rajoelina - defeated Mr. Jean Louis Robinson, who had the support of Mr. Ravalomanana's camp. The newly elected President was sworn in on 25 January 2014. During the election campaign, both MAPAR and the Ravalomanana Movement promised to provide a better education system, including free primary education. The former also promised to tackle corruption while the latter focused on the creation of decent jobs. The country had been in transition since March 2009 when the military, which effectively ousted the then President Ravalomanana, announced that it would transfer all powers to Mr. Rajoelina, the Head of a High Transitional Authority (HAT). The Constitutional Court swore him in as Interim President. The HAT subsequently dissolved the then bicameral parliament, announcing new elections within 24 months. Following mounting international pressure, in October 2010, Mr. Rajoelina established a transitional parliament comprising a 256-member Transitional Congress and a 90-member Higher Transitional Council. In accordance with a Roadmap mediated by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), signed in September 2011, the statutory number of members of the Transitional Congress and the Higher Transitional Council increased to 417 and 189 respectively. Although the Roadmap foresaw presidential elections in March 2012, they were postponed to October 2013 due mainly to disagreements over who would be eligible to run. The parliamentary elections, to be held in parallel with the run-off presidential polls, were accordingly delayed to December 2013. The convening of the National Assembly on 18 February 2014 marked the official end of the transitional period. The newly elected National Assembly replaced the Transitional Congress. The Higher Transitional Council ceased to function upon the election of the bureau of the National Assembly. No law has been adopted on the composition of the Senate, and no date has been set for Senate elections, which will be preceded by regional elections in 2014. Until the installation of the Senate, the National Assembly will exercise legislative power alone.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
54
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
32.45%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The first elections after the 2009 coup.
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Miaraka Aminny Andry Rajoelina With Andry Rajoelina MAPAR 49
Ravalomanana Movement 20
VPM-MMM 13
HIARAKA ISIKA 5
LEADER FANILO 5
ANDRIN NY MADAGASIKARA 2
ANTOKO MAITSO 2
TRANO KASAKA 2
SAMBO FIARAN I NOE 2
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
113
Number of women elected
34
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
22.52%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
The Special Electoral Court (la Cour Electorale Spéciale) invalidated the results of the elections in four constituencies owing to irregularities. At the time of the first sitting in February 2014, there were 147 members, including 34 women, with four vacancies. The number of women members fell to 31 as at August 2014. By-elections to fill the four vacant seats were held on 26 August 2014. No women were elected. As at 26 September, there were 31 women among the 151 members. The following three parties won one seat each and one independent candidate was elected. - MMM - HIARAKA ISIKA. - SAINTE-MARIE MIFANKATIA SY MIARA-MIASA ANTOKY NY FAMPANDROSOANA MIRINDRA.
Other notes
25 candidates on 22 independent lists were elected. In addition, the following 22 parties won one seat each. - 303 IHANY NY ANTSIKA - ADHEM FIZAFA Action pour le Développement Humaniste - Association of Young Entrepreneurs - ATM ASSOCIATION TOLIARA MIARANGA - BAINGA - FANAMBY 88 - FANASINA HO FAMPANDROSOANA - FFF - FIRAISAM-PIRENENA HO AN NY FANDROSOANA SY NY FAHAF - FITARIKANDRO - GFFM - HARENA - Other Political Persusions (LES AS) - MAMPIRAY ANTSIKA - MDM Mientana ho an ny Demokrasia et Madagasikara - MPIRAHALAHY MIAN/ALA - MTS - PAPASOLO - Malagasy Labour Party PATRAM - PSD - TAMBATRA Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: The then National Assembly was suspended following the 2009 coup. Number of parties winning seats: 54 including 23 independent lists
Sources
National Assembly (20.02.2014, 10.08.2014, 01.01.2017) European Union External Action, Election observation mission, 2014
Women Directly Elected
34

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
113
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
34
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
134
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
18.02.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Christine Razanamahasoa (Female)
Political party
MAPAR
Date of election
18.02.2014