Mexico

Chamber of DeputiesSenate

Chamber of Deputies

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Dulce María Sauri Riancho (Female)
Additional information
Elected on 2 Sep. 2020.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Graciela Báez Ricardez (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 30 November 2018.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
259
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
241
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
48.2% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
48.05
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Jessica Salazar Trejo (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
72
Oldest member
Carlos Humberto Aceves (Male)
Members for whom no data is available
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
224 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
276 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
259 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
241 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
26 See historical data for this field.
31-40
117 See historical data for this field.
41-45
81 See historical data for this field.
46-50
70 See historical data for this field.
51-60
142 See historical data for this field.
61-70
52 See historical data for this field.
71-80
11 See historical data for this field.
81-90
1 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 26 117 81 70 142 52 11 1 0
Total <= 45: 224 Total >= 46: 276
Male 0 8 55 36 42 79 30 8 1 0 259
Female 0 18 62 45 28 63 22 3 0 0 241
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger5.2%1.6%3.6%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger28.6%12.6%16%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger44.8%19.8%25%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas
Elections > Election results

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
259
Number of women elected
241
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
48.2%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
241

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
259
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
241
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Porfirio Muñoz Ledo (Male)
Political party
National Regeneration Movement (MORENA)
Date of election
01.09.2018
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1947
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1953
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1952

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Women's Parliament of Mexico (PMM)
(January 1998)
Formal or informal
Informal
Notes
Mexico's Congress does not have an in-house women's caucus, but Women's Parliament of Mexico (PMM) was established in 1998 and has convened annually since. The PMM was endorsed, by consensus and by all female members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate in the 57th legislature (2018), along with civil society organizations specialized in women's rights.

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
The PMM aims to achieve gender equality in all areas in which women are active and works hand-in-hand with the Mexican Congress' committees dealing with gender equality. It has provided a space in which Mexican women have worked towards strengthening the legislative agenda from the gender perspective.

As a venue for dialogue between women legislators, academics and civil society representatives -- it is the most important nexus between Mexico's Congress and civil society. The PMM leads the exchange, analysis and proposals for gender mainstreaming in Mexico's legislation. As part of this initiative, on 25 August 1998, a Bicameral Committee was set up to debate and promote a national legislative agenda and public policies aimed at eliminating all forms of gender bias. The Bicameral Committee included Congress's Equity and Gender Committee, which organized and followed up on PMM agreements. This exercise is consistently renewed and evaluated in order to ensure respect for and protection of the human rights of all women.