Mexico

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Óscar Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar (Male)
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Mauricio Farah Gevara (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 11 December 2018.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
63
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
49.22% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
54.10
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Claudia Esther Balderas Espinoza (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
88
Oldest member
Hernández Ifigenia Martinez (Male)
Members for whom no data is available IPU does not contain age and gender data for all chambers of parliament.
17
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
30 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
72 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
58 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
44 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
2
31-40
13 See historical data for this field.
41-45
15 See historical data for this field.
46-50
12 See historical data for this field.
51-60
28 See historical data for this field.
61-70
22 See historical data for this field.
71-80
9 See historical data for this field.
81-90
0
91 and over
1 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 2 13 15 12 28 22 9 0 1
Total <= 45: 30 Total >= 46: 72
Male 0 0 5 9 6 18 13 7 0 0 58
Female 0 2 8 6 6 10 9 2 0 1 44
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.96%0%1.96%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger14.71%4.9%9.8%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger29.41%13.73%15.69%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1947
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1953
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1952

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Women's Parliament of Mexico (PMM)
(January 1998)
Formal or informal
Informal
Notes
Mexico's Congress does not have an in-house women's caucus, but Women's Parliament of Mexico (PMM) was established in 1998 and has convened annually since. The PMM was endorsed, by consensus and by all female members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate in the 57th legislature (2018), along with civil society organizations specialized in women's rights.

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
The PMM aims to achieve gender equality in all areas in which women are active and works hand-in-hand with the Mexican Congress' committees dealing with gender equality. It has provided a space in which Mexican women have worked towards strengthening the legislative agenda from the gender perspective.

As a venue for dialogue between women legislators, academics and civil society representatives -- it is the most important nexus between Mexico's Congress and civil society. The PMM leads the exchange, analysis and proposals for gender mainstreaming in Mexico's legislation. As part of this initiative, on 25 August 1998, a Bicameral Committee was set up to debate and promote a national legislative agenda and public policies aimed at eliminating all forms of gender bias. The Bicameral Committee included Congress's Equity and Gender Committee, which organized and followed up on PMM agreements. This exercise is consistently renewed and evaluated in order to ensure respect for and protection of the human rights of all women.