New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Mexico

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Chamber of Deputies

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Oversight

Data on parliament’s oversight role and activities

Oversight tools

Parliament has the power to summon members of the government
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 69 and 93
Parliament has the power to summon senior government officials
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 69 and 93
Parliament has the power to approve key government appointments Key government appointments include, for example, ambassadors or the head of the central bank.
No
Parliament has power to carry out inquiries
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 93

Head of State and/or Government

Head of State and/or Government
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of Government Some parliaments elect the Head of Government or approve the nomination for the Head of Government. Others do not play a role.
Parliament does not play a role
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 81
The Head of Government is also the Head of State
Yes
Parliament’s role
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of State Some parliaments designate the Head of State or approve the nomination for the Head of Government. Others do not play a role.
Parliament does not play a role
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 84 and 85

Impeachment and confidence motions

Procedure for parliament
There is a procedure for parliament to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution There is a procedure to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution: Not applicable (there is no procedure); The whole Government; The Head of Government; The Head of State; Individual members of the Executive; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
Notes
Positions that can be subject to impeachment include Senators and Representatives in the Congress, Supreme Court ministers, Counselors of the Federal Judiciary, Secretariat Secretaries (Secretarios de Despacho), Representatives to the Assembly of the Federal District, civil servants of the government of the Federal District, State enterprises and State governors.
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 110
Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment In bicameral parliaments: Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment: Lower chamber; Upper chamber; Not applicable
Lower chamber
Upper chamber
Impeachment Role
There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution: Not applicable (there is no procedure); The whole Government; The Head of Government; Individual members of the Executive; Other (please specify)
Not applicable (there is no procedure)
Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence In bicameral parliaments: Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence: Lower chamber; Upper chamber; Not applicable
Not applicable
Parliament is automatically dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted In some countries, the adoption of a motion of no confidence in the Government automatically leads to the dissolution of Parliament in certain countries. In other cases, a new government can be formed.
Not applicable