New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Mongolia

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State Great Hural

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
29.06.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.06.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
76
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
498
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
369
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
129
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
25.9%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
12

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
1,911,047
Votes Number of people who actually voted
1,406,123
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
73.58%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Mongolian People's Party (MPP) has governed the country for 18 of the 26 years since Mongolia's democratic revolution in 1990. The MPP regained power in 2016 after four years in opposition. The First Past The Post system was applied for the first time in these elections (see note). The MPP, led by former Prime Minister Miyegombo Enkhbold, won 65 seats (or 86 per cent) of the 76-member State Great Hural and garnered 45 per cent the vote. The ruling Democrat Party (DP) won nine seats and 33 per cent of the vote. Prominent DP members lost their seats, including Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg and Speaker and DP leader, Mr. Zandaakhuu Enkhbold. During election campaigning, the major parties focused on economic development: growth had dropped from a record 17.5 per cent in 2011 to 3 per cent in 2015. On 5 July, President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (DP) opened the new State Great Hural. MPP Chairman Miyegombo Enkhbold was elected as the new Speaker. On 8 July, the State Great Hural approved Mr. Jargaltulga Erdenebat (MPP) as Prime Minister. Note: The 2016 elections were initially to be held under the mixed system, which had been applied for the first time in 2012. On 25 December 2015, parliament therefore adopted a new electoral law, which retained the mixed system. However, on 21 April 2016, the Supreme Court invalidated the proportional representation element of the mixed electoral system: the court held that that element of the system did not comply with the constitutional requirement for elections to be direct. On 5 May, parliament adopted amendments to the 2015 electoral law with the support of the two major parties. The 2016 amendments introduced 76 single-member constituencies. The 30 per cent quota for women in the 2015 electoral law was reduced to 20 per cent, which was the percentage that was applied in the 2012 elections.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
3
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
25%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
85.53%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Mongolian People's Party (MPP)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Mongolian People's Party (MPP) 65
Democratic Party 9
Independents 1
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
63
Number of women elected
13
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
17.11%
Sources
State Great Hural (20.07.2016, 16.12.2016) General Election Commission of Mongolia The UB Post
Women Directly Elected
13

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
63
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
13
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
05.07.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Enkhbold Miyegombo (Male)
Political party
Mongolian People's Party (MPP)
Date of election
05.07.2016