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Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Myanmar

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House of Nationalities

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Representatives

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Assembly of the Union)
Chamber name
Amyotha Hluttaw (House of Nationalities)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1948-01 to 1963-01
from 2012-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Nationalities
Speaker
Mahn Winn Khaing Thann (Male)
Year of birth
1952
Term
03.02.2016
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Director General of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
Secretary general
Kyaw Soe (Male)
Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Director General of Amyotha Hluttaw
Secretary general
Kyi Min (Male)

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
168
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
56
Note on the statutory number of members
Directly elected members: 12 representatives from each region or territory and one representative from each self-administered division/zone. Appointed members: 56 members who are Defence Services personnel are nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services; four representatives from each region or territory.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
224
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
197
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
27
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
12.05% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
52,404
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
78,922 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
U San Ral (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
82
Oldest member
U Kyaw Din (a) U Htay Ral (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 1 24 23 25 56 70 17 1 0
Total <= 45: 48 Total >= 46: 169
Male 0 1 24 22 24 55 69 17 1 0 213
Female 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0.46%0.46%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger11.52%11.52%0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger22.12%21.66%0.46%
Members for whom data is available
217

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.