Myanmar

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
08.11.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.11.2025
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
161
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The National League for Democracy (NLD), led by the country’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi, took over 80% of seats at stake in the 440-member House of Representatives and the 224-member House of Nationalities (see note). The Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP, led by ex-general U Than Htay), which came a distant second, rejected the election results, stating that they had been “marred by mass fraud”. The election commission rejected the allegation. The USDP subsequently filed complaints at the Supreme Court against President Win Myint, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and the chair of the election commission. On 28 January 2021, the Supreme Court heard the case.

On 1 February, the day on which the newly elected parliament was due to be sworn in, the military staged a coup after detaining President Win Myint, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and other senior officials of the NLD. It declared a one-year state of emergency and announced that it had handed over power to commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing. Vice President U Myint Swe will serve as Acting President.

The 2020 elections were held amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The government has provided free basic foodstuffs to poor people since the beginning of the pandemic in March. The USDP complained about the distribution of food, saying it was tantamount to vote-buying by the NLD. The 2020 elections were the first to be held after the 2017 Rohingya crisis, during which some 740,000 people fled to neighbouring Bangladesh due to a crackdown by the army.

Note:
330 of the 440 members in the House of Representatives and 168 of the 224 members in the House of Nationalities are directly elected. The remaining 25% of seats in both chambers are reserved for Defence Services personnel who are nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services. The elections were not held in the Rakhine and Shan states due to ethnic conflicts, which left 15 seats in the House of Representatives and 7 in the House of Nationalities vacant.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
9
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
85.71%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
National League for Democracy (NLD) 138
Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) 7
Arakan National Party (ANP) 4
Kayah State Democratic Party 3
Mon Unity Party 3
Shan National League for Democracy (SNLD) 2
Ta'ang National Party (Ta'ang NP) 2
New Democracy Party Kachin (N.D.P. Kachin) 1
Pa-O National Organisation (Pa O NO) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
136
Number of women elected
25
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
15.53%
Other notes
There are seven vacant seats.

Note on the parties or coalitions winning seats:
The statistics includes a male candidate elected on the NLD ticket who was shot dead shortly after the elections.
Sources
Assembly of the Union (03.12.2020, 18.12.2020, 08.01.2021)
BBC Monitoring
BBC
https://www.mmtimes.com
https://www.irrawaddy.com
https://www.aljazeera.com
Women Directly Elected
25
Women Appointed
6

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
185
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
31
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
01.02.2021