New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Myanmar

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House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Nationalities

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
08.11.2015
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
31.01.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.11.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
330
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,733
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,502
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
231
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
13.33%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
91

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
34,295,334
Votes Number of people who actually voted
23,911,784
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
69.72%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The National League for Democracy (NLD), led by Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, took an outright majority in both chambers of the parliament. The NLD took 255 of the 330 seats at stake in the 440-member House of Representatives and 135 of the 168 seats at stake in the 224-member House of Nationalities (a quarter of seats in both chambers are reserved for military personnel). The ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) dropped from 259 to 30 seats in the House of Representatives and from 129 to 12 in the House of Nationalities. Only two other parties won more than ten seats: the Arakan National Party (ANP, representing the interests of the Rakhine people) and the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD, representing the Shan minority). The USDP conceded defeat. On 1 February 2016, the newly elected parliament was sworn in. On 15 March, it elected Mr. Htin Kyaw (NLD) as the country's new President. During the election campaign, NLD promised constitutional and political reform to promote the rule of law and human rights, while the USDP ran on the government's record, stating that it had achieved a democratic path that gained international acceptance. Following the elections, on 19 November, Ms. Suu Kyi and Mr. Shwe Mann held talks and agreed on "systematic and peaceful implementation of the people's desire" to prioritize "national reconciliation and national (ethnic) unity in forming the houses of parliament". On 2 December, Ms. Suu Kyi met President Thein Sein and Army Chief Min Aung Hlaing, who pledged to assist the smooth transfer of power. These were the first general elections in which the NLD had taken part since 1990. In 1990, the NLD won 392 seats in the 492-member People's Assembly, but the newly-elected legislature was never convened and the election was eventually invalidated. The NLD boycotted the previous elections in 2010, condemning the electoral laws as "unjust". In April 2012, the NLD won all 37 seats at stake in by-elections to the House of Representatives and six in the House of Nationalities. As a result, Ms. Suu Kyi was sworn in to parliament the following month.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
11
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
12.09%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
77.27%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
National League for Democracy (NLD) 255
Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) 30
Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD) 12
Arakan National Party (ANP) 12
Pa-O National Organisation (Pa O NO) 3
Ta'ang National Party (Ta'ang NP) 3
Lisu National Development Party (Lisu NDP) 2
Zomi Congress for Democracy (Zomi CD) 2
Kokang Democracy and Unity Party (Kokang DUP) 1
Independents 1
Kachin State Democracy Party (Kachin SDP) 1
Wa Democratic Party (Wa DP) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
390
Number of women elected
43
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
13.03%
Other notes
Number of seats at stake: 330. Seven seats were not contested in the election due to ongoing challenges with ethnic unrest. In addition, 110 seats are reserved for members who are Defence Services personnel, nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services.
Sources
Assembly of the Union (04.12.2015, 06.12.2015, 01.01.2017) Union Election Commission (09.02.2016) International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance BBC Myanmar Times Kyodo News Service
Women Directly Elected
43

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
390
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
43
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
01.02.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Win Myint (Male)
Political party
National League for Democracy (NLD)