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Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Nepal

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National Assembly

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Representatives

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Sanghiya Sansad (Federal Parliament)
Chamber name
Rastriya Sabha (National Assembly)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
6
Frequency of renewal (years) For parliaments/chambers are that are partially renewed (by half, by one third) on a regular basis.
2

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1967
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Speaker
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina (Male)
Year of birth
1962
Term
14.03.2018

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Manohar Prasad Bhattarai (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 17 March 2010 and on 17 March 2015.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
56
Appointed members Appointed, for example, by the Head of State.
3
Note on the statutory number of members
- 56 members (8 per province) elected by an Electoral College comprising members of the Provincial Assembly and chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of village councils and Mayors and Deputy Mayors of municipal councils who will have different weights of votes. The eight members representing each province must include at least three women, one Dalit, one person with disability or minority. - Three members, including at least one woman, appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Government. For the first National Assembly established under the 2015 Constitution, one-third of the members will retire on the expiry of two years, another one-third on the expiry of four years, and the final one-third on the expiry of six years.
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
59
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
22
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
37.29% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
28,656
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
85,796 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Number of reserved seats, by group
Women
4
Notes
Constitution, Art. 86 (2)--one Dalit and one from persons with disabilities or minorities, from each State Constitution, Art 92 (2) -- Election under clause (1) shall be so held that there is one woman out of the Chairperson and the Vice Chairperson of the National Assembly.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Constitution, Art. 86 (2) For women, three are elected by an electoral college composed of members of the State Assembly, chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of the Village Bodies, and Mayors and Deputy-Mayors of the Municipalities, with different weightage of vote by members of the State (61) Assembly, chairpersons and vicechairpersons of the Village Bodies, and Mayors and Deputy-Mayors of the Municipalities, as provided for in the Federal law
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.