Netherlands

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Martin Bosma (Male)
Year of birth
1964
Additional information
Elected on 14 Dec. 2023.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Peter Oskam (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Sworn in on 19 Dec. 2023.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
91
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
58
See historical data for this field.
Other
1
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
38.67% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
45.20
See historical data for this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Habtamu de Hoop (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
71
Oldest member
Raymond de Roon (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
79 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
71 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
90 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
59 See historical data for this field.
Total of other
1 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
11 See historical data for this field.
31-40
42 See historical data for this field.
41-45
26 See historical data for this field.
46-50
27 See historical data for this field.
51-60
34 See historical data for this field.
61-70
9 See historical data for this field.
71-80
1 See historical data for this field.
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 11 42 26 27 34 9 1 0 0
Total <= 45: 79 Total >= 46: 71
Male 0 10 29 13 9 21 7 1 0 0 90
Female 0 1 12 13 18 13 2 0 0 0 59
Other 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemaleOther
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger7.33%6.67%0.67%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger35.33%26%8.67%0.67%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger52.67%34.67%17.33%0.67%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,128
Notes
Candidates are not required to specify their sex on the list of candidates. Out of the 1,128 candidates who stood at the 2023 elections, 417 specified male and 210 specified female, while 501 others left the field empty.
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
210
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
18.62%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
210
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
18.62%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
89
Number of women elected
60
Number of other elected The total number of other parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
1
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
40%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
60

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
89
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
60
Percentage of women after the election The percentage is calculated by dividing the total number of women in this parliament/chamber by the current number of members.
40%
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Martin Bosma (Male)
Political party
Party for Freedom (PVV)
Date of election
14.12.2023
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1919
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1917
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
According to Fiche
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1918
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
1998