New Zealand

House of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
17.10.2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
06.09.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
120
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
677
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
413
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
263
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
38.85%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
17
Number of other candidates Number of other candidates
1
Notes
548 candidates (313 men, 235 women) ran for the 48 list seats (filled under the proportional representation system) and 601 (375 men, 225 women and 1 gender diverse/not specified) ran for the 72 electorate seats (the majority system). Some candidates ran only for the electorate or list seats. Others ran for both lists. Candidates are thus double counted.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
3,549,580
Votes Number of people who actually voted
2,894,486
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
81.54%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s Labour Party won an outright majority, taking 65 seats in the 120-member Parliament, nearly twice as many as its closest rival the National Party, led by Ms. Judith Collins. The Labour Party thereby became the first party to win a majority under the current electoral system (see note). The new Labour MPs included 16 Māoris and the country’s first African-born MP. A record 58 women (48.33%) were elected, up from 46 in 2017 (38.33%). Around 10% of the newly elected MPs identify as being from the LGBTQ+ community. On 2 November, Prime Minister Ardern formed a new Cabinet including the first Maori and first female foreign minister.

The 2020 elections, initially scheduled for 19 September, were postponed to 17 October due to the new wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. During election campaigning, the major parties focused on the pandemic and climate change. The Labour Party promised to introduce more climate-friendly policies, increase funding for disadvantaged schools and raise income taxes for top earners.

Note:
The modification of the electoral system from a majority system into the Mixed-Member Proportional representation system (MMP) was approved in a referendum held simultaneously with the 1993 elections. It was first applied to the 1996 elections.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
5
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
29.41%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
54.17%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Labour Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Electorate seats List seats
Labour Party 65 46 19
National Party 33 23 10
ACT New Zealand 10 1 9
Green Party 10 1 9
Maori Party 2 1 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
62
Number of women elected
58
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
48.33%
Women Directly Elected
58

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
62
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
58
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
42
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
25.11.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Trevor Mallard (Male)
Political party
Labour Party
Date of election
25.11.2020