New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Pakistan

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theNational Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Muhammad Sadiq Sanjrani (Male)
Year of birth
1978

Secretary general

Secretary General
Muhammad Anwar (Male)

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
20
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
19.23% See historical data for this field.

Age

Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Nawabzada Saif Ullah Magsi (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
84
Oldest member
Hamza (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
82
Total per sex
Total of male
85
Total of female
19
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
0
31-40
10
41-45
12
46-50
12
51-60
33
61-70
28
71-80
8
81-90
1
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 10 12 12 33 28 8 1 0
Total <= 45: 22 Total >= 46: 82
Male 0 0 7 9 9 26 26 7 1 0 85
Female 0 0 3 3 3 7 2 1 0 0 19
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger9.62%6.73%2.88%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger21.15%15.38%5.77%

Reserved seats and quotas

Number of reserved seats, by group
Women
17
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
83
Number of women elected
20
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
38.46%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Nine women were elected in 2018. As at 12 March 2018, 20 out of a total of 104 senators were women.
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Indirectly Elected
9

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
84
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
20
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Muhammad Sadiq Sanjrani (Male)
Date of election
12.03.2018
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1947
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1937
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
literacy, income and tax payer
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
According to the government of Bangladesh, the women of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh attained suffrage after the Government of India Act (1935) was entered into force in 1937
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1947
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Prior to independence, under British administration, women were granted the right to vote under the government of India Act passed in 1935 under the conditions that they were literate, had an incomde and paid taxes. This right was confirmed at independence.
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1956
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
The 1956 Republican constitution provided for universal suffrage.
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1946
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Stand for Election: Restrictions detail
Women must have an income; pay taxes and be literate in order to stand for election.
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
According to information provided by Pakistan, women had the right to be elected to parliament for the first elections held under the Government of India Act in 1946 under certain conditions. Very few women qualified as voters.
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1956
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
The 1956 Republican constitution provided for universal suffrage.
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1947
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
Women's Parliamentarian Caucus
Date of creation
01.2008
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
No
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes
Issues dealt with by the caucus
- Legislation to establish quotas and prevent harassment in the workplace, acid burns and practices prejudicial toward women in distress or detention.<br> Signature of a Memorandum of Understanding with Aurat Foundation in May 2015 to work together to address critical issues of concern for women including eradication of gender based violence and to enhance the knowledge of newly elected women parliamentarians on legislative process.<br> In July 2016, a Committee comprising lawmakers from both the Lower and Upper Houses of the Parliament unanimously approved two bills tabled by Women's Parliamentary Caucus on the anti-honour killing laws (Criminal Laws Amendment) bill, 2015, and the anti-rape laws (Criminal Laws Amendment) bill 2015. - Yes - Facilities and registration process for internally displaced persons in flood-affected areas of Pakistan; support for the Benazir Income Support Program; adoption of resolutions condemning terrorism and violence. In October 2014, the Caucus decided to take lead in promoting child immunisation. Women parliamentarians support the government in the new communication plan with a new branding that converges routine immunisation and polio.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
No