New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Bahrain

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Council of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theShura Council

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Fawzia Zainal (Female)
Year of birth
1961
Additional information
Elected on 12 Dec. 2018.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Rashid Bunajma (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 26 Nov. 2018.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
34
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
6
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
15% See historical data for this field.

Age

Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
20
Total per sex
Total of male
36
Total of female
3
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
0
31-40
9
41-45
10
46-50
10
51-60
9
61-70
1
71-80
0
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 9 10 10 9 1 0 0 0
Total <= 45: 19 Total >= 46: 20
Male 0 0 7 10 10 8 1 0 0 0 36
Female 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger23.08%17.95%5.13%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger48.72%43.59%5.13%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
292
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
40
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
13.7%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
40
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
13.7%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
34
Number of women elected
6
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
15%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
6

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
34
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
6
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Fawzia Zainal (Female)
Date of election
12.12.2018
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1971
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1951
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
Local
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Women are given the right to vote for municipal councils.
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1973
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
According to the Constitution (6 December 1973), all citizens are equal before the law; however the Electoral Law that was adopted as a follow up, did not recognize women's suffrage. Women were consequently not able to exercise electoral rights in the only legislative elections held in Bahrain in December 1973.
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
2002
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Women voted in 2001 for the referendum on the New Constitution, which came into being in 2002 and confirmed women's suffrage. Prior to independence, women were given the right to vote for municipal councils in 1951. According to the Constitution (6 December 1973), all citizens are equal before the law; however the Electoral Law that was adopted as a follow up, did not recognize women's suffrage. Women were consequently not able to exercise electoral rights in the only legislative elections held in Bahrain in December 1973.
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1973
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
According to the Constitution in force (6 December 1973), all citizens are equal before the law; however, women were not able to exercise electoral rights in the only legislative elections held in Bahrain in December 1973
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1999
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
Local
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Women are allowed to stand for election for municipal councils (right to vote for councils in 1951).
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
2002
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Women voted in 2001 for the referendum on the New Constitution, which came into being in 2002 and confirmed women's suffrage. According to the Constitution (6 December 1973), all citizens are equal before the law; however the Electoral Law that was adopted as a follow up, did not recognize women's suffrage. Women were consequently not able to exercise electoral rights in the only legislative elections held in Bahrain in December 1973. In 1999, women were allowed to stand for election for municipal councils, which they had been able to vote for since 1951.
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
2002