New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Bahrain

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Council of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theShura Council

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
24.11.2018 to 01.12.2018
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.11.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
40
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
292
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
252
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
40
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
13.7%
Notes
Although political parties are not allowed, "political associations" were legalized by an amendment in 2005 to the 1989 law prohibiting political parties.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
365,467

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The 2018 election saw a high turnover: Only three of the 23 outgoing MPs who were seeking re-election kept their seats in the 40-member Council of Representatives. A handful of candidates affiliated with "political associations" (see note) were voted in, including three candidates from Al Asalah and one from the Unity Gathering Assembly . The number of women doubled to six. Ms. Fawzia Zainal was elected Speaker, becoming the first woman in Bahrain to assume the post. Prior to the 2018 elections, several political associations, including the Islamic National Accord Association (Al Wefaq, a Shia association and the main political opposition group), were dissolved by court orders upon request from the government. In June, the King ratified an amendment to the Exercise of Political Rights Act, enacted by parliament in May. The amended law prohibits leaders and members of dissolved political associations as well as those who have spent more than six months in prison from running for elected office. The government encouraged Shias to run as independent candidates. Note: Although political parties are not allowed, "political associations" were legalized by an amendment in 2005 to the 1989 law prohibiting political parties. Note on the Parties or coalitions winning seats: The distribution of seats above refers to the composition of the Council of Representatives in April 2019. In addition to the political associations, there are three parliamentary groups formed after the 2018 elections: “Bahrain”, led by Mr. Ammar Qambar, Chairman of the Services Committee; Al Methaq – “National Action Charter”, led by MP Mohamed Alsisi Alboainain; and Taqadom, which unofficially represents the Progressive Tribune association.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
42.5%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Assala Association 3
Taqadom 2
Unity Gathering Assembly 1
Almethaq - "National Action Charter" 6
Bahrain 11
Independents 17
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
34
Number of women elected
6
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
15%
Sources
Council of Representatives (03.12.2018, 05.12.2018, 23.04.2019, 02.05.2019) http://www.vote.bh Bahrain: Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy Updated December 4, 2018, Congressional Research Service (https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/95-1013.pdf) Americans for Democracy & Human Rights in Bahrain (https://www.adhrb.org/)
Women Directly Elected
6

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
34
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
6
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Fawzia Zainal (Female)
Date of election
12.12.2018