New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Peru

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Congress of the Republic

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
10.04.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
26.01.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
130
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,242
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,354
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
888
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
39.61%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
15

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
21,699,036
Votes Number of people who actually voted
17,791,516
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
81.99%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
For the first time since 1995, "Fujimorism" regained control of the Congress of the Republic, when the Popular Force led by Ms. Keiko Fujimori, daughter of former President Mr. Alberto Fujimori, won 73 of the 130 seats at stake in the election. Only two other parties won more than 10 seats: The Broad Front for Justice, Life and Liberty led by MP Verónika Mendoza and the Peruvians for Change led by former Prime Minister and economist, Mr. Pedro Pablo Kuczynski. During the election campaign, the major parties promised to improve the country's infrastructure and stabilize its economic environment. The debate focused on whether Peru should retain the current free-market model, and the State's role in the mining industry. In the presidential elections held in parallel, no candidates secured the required majority to be elected in the first round of voting. In the run-off elections held on 5 June, Mr. Kuczynski narrowly defeated Ms. Fujimori. He succeeds President Ollanta Humala, who was constitutionally barred from seeking a second consecutive term.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
40%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
56.15%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Note on the alternation of power
President: From Peru Wins alliance to Peruvians for Change Congress: From Peru Wins alliance to Popular Force
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Popular Force 73
Broad Front for Justice, Life and Liberty 20
Peruvians for Change 18
Alliance for Progress of Peru 9
People's Action 5
People's Alliance 5
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
94
Number of women elected
36
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
27.69%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
On the initial list of candidates-elect, there were 34 women out of 130 members. However, the number of women increased to 36 before the newly elected members were sworn in on 22 July when their mandate officially began.
Sources
Congress of the Republic (18.05.2016, 31.05.2016, 03.08.2016) Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales El Comercio BBC Monitoring
Women Directly Elected
36

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
94
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
36
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
99
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
26.07.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Luz Filomena Salgado Rubianes (Female)
Political party
Popular Force
Date of election
26.07.2016