Peru

Congress of the Republic

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
26.01.2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
30.09.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2021
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
130
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,326
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,386
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
940
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
40.41%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
21

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
24,799,384
Votes Number of people who actually voted
18,369,088
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
74.07%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The snap elections in 2020 returned a fragmented parliament, with nine parties (up from six) entering the 130-member Congress of the Republic. Only two of them – Popular Action and the Alliance for Progress – won more than 20 seats. The largest party in the previous legislature, the Popular Force (see note 1), reduced its share of the seats from 73 to 15. The newly elected legislature, convened on 16 March, will serve out the five-year term of the previous parliament elected in April 2016. On 29 May, Congress expressed confidence in a new Cabinet led by Prime Minister Vicente Zeballos with the support of most members of six parliamentary parties (see note 2). The snap elections followed the stand-off between the President and Congress. In March 2018, Mr. Martín Vizcarra succeeded President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, who had resigned amid corruption allegations. The new President announced anti-corruption measures, but the Congress controlled by the Popular Force blocked the vote on the President’s reform plans several times. On 28 July 2019, President Vizcarra presented a reform to Congress to bring forward general elections by one year to July 2020, instead of 2021, stating that the country needed a fresh start. On 26 September, Congress shelved the President’s proposal. The following day the President called for a confidence vote but Congress did not take it up. On 30 September, President Vizcarra dissolved Congress and called early parliamentary elections for 26 January 2020. On 3 October, the President appointed a Cabinet led by former Justice Minister Zeballos. Although Speaker Pedro Olaechea filed a case at the Constitutional Court against the dissolution of Congress, on 15 January 2020 the Court ruled in the President’s favour. Note 1: The party leader, Ms. Keiko Fujimori (daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori) is accused of receiving illicit party funding for her unsuccessful 2011 presidential election campaign. Although she was released from preventive custody in November 2019, she was placed in custody again shortly after the 2020 elections. Note 2: A total of 89 members from Popular Action, the Alliance for Progress, the Agricultural People's Front (FRERAP), the Democratic Party "We Are Peru", Podemos Perú and the Purple Party voted for the new Cabinet.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
9
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.86%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
19.23%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Popular Action 25
Alliance for Progress 22
Agricultural People's Front (FRERAP) 15
Popular Force 15
Union for Peru 13
Democratic Party "We Are Peru" 11
Podemos Perú 11
Purple Party 9
Broad Front or Justice, Life and Liberty 9
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
96
Number of women elected
34
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
26.15%
Sources
Congress of the Republic (02.03.2020) Resolución N.° 0133-2020-JNE https://resoluciones.jne.gob.pe/ https://www.onpe.gob.pe/
Women Directly Elected
34

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
96
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
34
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
16.03.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Manuel Arturo Merino De Lama (Male)
Political party
Popular Action
Date of election
16.03.2020