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House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Kongreso (Congress)
Chamber name
Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (House of Representatives)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1925-01 to 1938-01
from 1947-01 to 1973-01
from 1979-01 to 1986-01
from 1987-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group


Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (Female)
Year of birth
Additional information
Elected on 23 July 2018.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Acting Secretary General
Secretary general
Dante Roberto P Maling (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Elected on 30 July 2018.


Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Not available
See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
316,872 See historical data for this field.


Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Xavier Jesus D. Romualdo (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Oldest member
Imelda R. Marcos (Female)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 5 41 30 46 85 58 24 3 0
Total <= 45: 76 Total >= 46: 216
Male 0 3 30 23 35 70 45 18 1 0 225
Female 0 2 11 7 11 15 13 6 2 0 67
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.71%1.03%0.68%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger15.75%11.3%4.45%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger26.03%19.18%6.85%
Members for whom data is available

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.
Legislated Quota. Legislation provides for a mechanism of proportional representation in the election of representatives to the House of Representatives from national, regional and sectoral parties, organizations or coalitions which are registered with the Commission on Elections. Youth is one of the sectors allowed to participate in this party-list system.