New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Philippines

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House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
09.05.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
09.05.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
297
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
672
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
518
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
154
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
22.92%
Notes
Candidates under the majority system.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
25
Notes
Number of parties contesting the election: 25 parties under the majority system. In addition, 115 parties ran under the party list system.

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Liberal Party (LP), led by outgoing President Benigno Aquino III, remained the largest party in the 297-member House of Representatives and reinforced its position in the 24-member Senate. The Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) and the National Unity Party (NUP), which had supported Mr. Aquino's bid for the presidency in 2013, came a distant second and third in the House of Representatives. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic reform, infrastructure and measures to tackle corruption and crime. Some parties also drew attention to territorial disputes with China in the South China Sea. In the presidential elections, Mr. Rodrigo Duterte (Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Laban, PDP-Laban) was elected in the first round, defeating amongst others the candidate backed by President Aquino, Mr. Mar Roxas (LP). Mr. Duterte proposed to adopt a federal form of government and to re-introduce the death penalty. In the vice-presidential elections (the President and the Vice President are elected separately in the Philippines), Ms. Leni Robredo (LP) defeated Senator Ferdinand Marcos Jr. (Nationalist Party, NP), the son of former President Ferdinand Marcos. Following the general elections, some 80 LP members announced their support for President Duterte's administration. The Lakas Christian-Muslim Democrats (Lakas-CMD), led by former President Gloria Arroyo, and the NUP formed an alliance to support the new President. On 30 June, Mr. Duterte was sworn in as the new President.
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
205
Number of women elected
87
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
29.29%
Other notes
Note on the composition of the House of Representatives: As at 13 March 2017, the House of Representatives comprises a total of 292 members, including 235 District Representatives and 57 Party-list Representatives, grouped as follows. - Majority: 266 Members - Minority: 18 Members - Independent Minority: 7 Members - Others: 1 Member The distribution of seats according to political parties was not available from the House of Representatives. Date of the first session of the new parliament: 25 July 2016 - The fourth Monday of July.
Sources
House of Representatives (04.07.2016, 08.08.2016, 01.01.2017, 13.03.2017) BBC The Guardian Politiko Philstar Global
Women Directly Elected
87

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
205
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
87
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
25.07.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Pantaleon D. Alvarez (Male)
Political party
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Laban (PDP-Laban)
Date of election
25.07.2016