Poland

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
13.10.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
460
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
5,112
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
2,949
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
2,163
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
42.31%

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
30,253,556
Votes Number of people who actually voted
18,678,457
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
61.74%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Former Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński’s Law and Justice party (PiS) retained the majority in the 400-member Sejm, taking 235 seats. However, it failed to retain the majority in the 100-member Senate, winning 48, down from 61 previously. The Civic Coalition (see note 1) took a total of 164 seats in the Sejm and 46 in the Senate. The newly elected Sejm re-elected Ms. Elżbieta Witek (PiS) as its Speaker, while the Senate elected Mr. Tomasz Grodzki – endorsed by the Civic Coalition and independent senators – as its new President. On 8 November, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki (PiS) announced a new government, which was officially appointed by President Andrzej Duda (independent, backed by the PiS) on 15 November. During election campaigning, the PiS promised to expand its welfare programme and deepen reforms of the judiciary (see note 2). The Civic Coalition focused on health care and democracy. The major parties also focused on the issue of LGBT rights in the Catholic nation of 38 million people. Note 1: The Civic Coalition comprised the Civic Platform, Nowoczesna, Polish Initiative and the Green Party, amongst others. It endorsed Deputy Speaker Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska as its premiership candidate, instead of the Civic Platform leader Grzegorz Schetyna. Note 2: Critics said the ongoing reforms would erode the independence of the judiciary. On 10 October 2019, the European Commission decided to refer Poland to the Court of Justice of the European Union regarding the new disciplinary regime for Polish judges.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
5
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
51.09%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Law and Justice (PiS)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Law and Justice (PiS) 235
Civic Platform (KO) 134
The Left (Lewica) 49
Polish Coalition (PSL) 30
Confederation Liberty and Independence (KWiN) 11
German Minority 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
328
Number of women elected
132
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
28.7%
Sources
Sejm (24.10.2019, 13.11.2019) https://wybory.gov.pl/sejmsenat2019/en http://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/page.xsp/poslowie_poczatek_kad BBC BBC Monitoring OSCE euronews.com polandin.com
Women Directly Elected
132

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
328
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
132
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
142
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
12.11.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Elżbieta Witek (Female)
Political party
Law and Justice (PiS)
Date of election
12.11.2019