Poland

SejmSenate

Senate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
4 Years

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
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Notes
a senator shall be neither detained nor arrested without the consent of the sejm. in cases of flagrant delicto, a senator may be detained however, any such detention shall be immediately communicated to the marshal of the sejm, who may order an immediate release of the senator. cf. the constitution, article 105.

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
96,192
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Basic allowances “Basic allowances” are allowances that are automatically paid to all parliamentarians. They are received in advance as a lump sum at a flat rate. They are not intended to be reimbursement for any expenses. Basic allowances are sometimes called “representation allowance”, “supplemental allowance”, “end-of-year allowance”, etc.
30,060
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Names of the basic allowances
Dieta parlamentarna
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
No
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
a) Monthly lump sum to cover costs associated with the operation of a parliamentary office ( 15 200 PLN )
b) Fare-free public transport, including domestic flights
c) limited refund of accommodation costs outside of Warsaw and place of residence (annually)
d) limited refund of the costs of renting an apartment in Warsaw for senators from outside Warsaw (monthly)
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes no
Committee Chair yes no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Speaker - at least 140,856 PLN per annum
Deputy Speaker - at least 125,403 PLN per annum
Committee Chair - an additional 20% of annual salary, 115,430 PLN per annum
Deputy Committee Chair - an additional 15% of annual salary, 110,620 PLN per annum
Permanent sub-committee Chair: an additional 10% of annual salary, 105,810 PLN per annum

Salaries of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, unlike salary of other MPs, are laid down in the Act on the remuneration of persons holding high-ranking state positions (Ustawa o wynagrodzeniu osób zajmujących kierownicze stanowiska państwowe). Their salaries are partly determined in reference to the number of years served as an MP. The given amounts are what they are paid automatically, however they are also entitled to a length-of-service increment, starting from 5% of salary after 5 years served as an MP.


Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Determined by the Act on the exercise of a mandate of Member of Parliament and Senator (Ustawa o wykonywaniu mandate posła i senatora) adopted by the parliament in
accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Determined by the Act on the exercise of a mandate of Member of Parliament and Senator (Ustawa o wykonywaniu mandate posła i senatora) adopted by the parliament in
accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure.
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Legal acts:
The Act on the exercise of a mandate of Member of Parliament and Senator (in Polish): http://www.sejm.gov.pl/prawo/mandat/kon6.htm

Information on salaries and allowances:
http://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/komunikat.xsp?documentId=688D3FBD61CA5D25C12584A9004530EB&symbol=FA...

http://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/FAQ.xsp

Senate (Act of May 9, 1996 on the Performance of the Mandate of Deputies and Senators)
https://www.senat.gov.pl/warunki-wykonywania-mandatu-senatorskiego/

Senate (Dieta parlamentarna & Salary)
https://www.senat.gov.pl/warunki-wykonywania-mandatu-senatorskiego/informacje.html
Amount of allowances received by each member
No

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
2
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government by the statutory number of members of parliament/chamber.