New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Portugal

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Assembly of the Republic

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
04.10.2015
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
22.10.2015
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2019
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
230
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
3,456
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
20

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
9,682,553
Votes Number of people who actually voted
5,408,805
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
55.86%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The centre-right coalition Forward Portugal, comprising the Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD led by Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho) and the Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party (CDS-PP, of Mr. Paulo Portas), failed to win a majority in the 230-member Assembly of the Republic. It remained the largest single political force, taking 107 seats in all, down from 132 in 2011. Meanwhile, three leftist parties - the Socialist Party (PS), the Left Bloc (BE) and the Communist Party - Green Coalition (PCP-PEV) - increased their share and together took 122 seats in all. The 2015 elections were the first since the country received a 78 billion-euro bailout from the European Union (EU) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2011. In May 2014, the strengthening economy enabled Portugal to leave the bailout program. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on austerity measures and the reduction of the budget deficit. On 6 October, President Anibal Cavaco Silva (PPD/PSD) tasked Mr. Coelho with forming a new government. Mr. Coelho's efforts to obtain backing from the PS did not bear fruit, and the PS instead started negotiating a coalition agreement with the BE and the PCP-PEV. On 27 October, the President accepted the formation of a minority government comprising the PPD/PSD and the CDS-PP. On 10 November, the opposition parties in parliament joined forces to reject the programme proposed by Prime Minister Coelho, forcing the government to resign. On 24 November, the President tasked PS leader Antonio Costa with forming a new government. Mr. Costa's coalition government, comprising the PS -, the BE and the PCP-PEV, - was sworn in on 30 November, ending weeks of political uncertainty.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
30%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
44.35%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Socialist Party (PS), the Left Bloc (BE) and the Communist Party - Green Coalition (PCP-PEV)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Portugal Members abroad
Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD) - Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party (CDS-PP) 102 99 3
Socialist Party (PS) 86 85 1
Left Bloc (BE) 19 19 0
Communist Party - Green Coalition (PCP-PEV) 17 17 0
Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD) 5 5 0
Party for People, Animals and Nature (PAN) 1 1 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
158
Number of women elected
72
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
31.3%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
72 women were elected in the October 2015 elections. The number of women was increased to 80 after the formation of the second Government on 27 November 2015
Other notes
Timing of election: Upon normal expiry. In cases of early dissolution of the Assembly of the Republic, the newly elected legislature completes the remaining period of the last session in progress of the outgoing legislature in addition to its statutory four-year term. The term of the Assembly of the Republic elected in June 2011 will thus last until 15 September 2015, in lieu of June 2015. General elections are held between 14 September and 14 October in the year in which the legislature ends.
Sources
Assembly of the Republic (15.10.2015, 28.10.2015, 12.11.2015, 03.12.2015)
Women Directly Elected
72

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
158
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
72
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
23.10.2015
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues (Male)
Political party
Socialist Party (PS)
Date of election
23.10.2015