Portugal

Assembly of the Republic

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
114 (2021)
See historical data for this field.
Notes For some parliaments, data can not be presented on an annual basis, for example because parliamentary sessions run from April to March of the following year. In such cases, the period to which the data corresponds is specified here.
Data refers to laws passed by legislative session, e.g. for the legislative session of the XIV legislature from 25 September 2019 to 14 September 2020.
Five of the 217 laws adopted during the 2019-2022 legislature were initiated by the Autonomous Regions of Azores and Madeira.
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
375 (2019)
See historical data for this field.
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
209 (2019)
See historical data for this field.
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
166 (2019)
See historical data for this field.
Dates of the previous legislature
23.10.2015 to 24.10.2019
See historical data for this field.

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State In some countries, the Constitution foresees that legislation adopted by parliament must be signed into law by the Head of State. If so, the Head of State may, for example, have the power to veto the legislation, return it to parliament, or submit it to another body such as a constitutional court.
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 136
Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
(2021)
See historical data for this field.
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation: Not applicable; No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected; The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination; The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court;The legislation is put to a referendum; Other (please specify)
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
Other (please specify):
Not applicable. The Head of State cannot decline to give assent to legislation adopted by parliament
No
Notes
Failure by the President of the Republic to enact or sign any of the acts provided for in Constitution Article 134(b) means that that act is legally nugatory.
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree: Not applicable; Parliament; Head of State; Constitutional/Supreme Court; Other (please specify)
Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Although Article 170 of the Constitution refers to "urgent proceedings," there is no procedure implemented in the parliament's rules of procedure. The Conference of Leaders has the power to schedule any bill at any time. The ones considered urgent are scheduled first and there is no mechanism to know if any bill is considered urgent or not.
See historical data for this field.
Not applicable. There is no procedure to introduce emergency legislation.
No