Republic of Korea

National Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Byeong Seug Park (Male)
Year of birth
1952
Additional information
Elected on 5 June 2020.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Young Choon Kim (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 29 June 2020.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
243
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
57
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
19% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
54.90
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Ho-jeong Ryu (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
73
Oldest member
Jin-pyo Kim (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
22 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
275 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
242 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
55 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0 See historical data for this field.
21-30
0 See historical data for this field.
31-40
11 See historical data for this field.
41-45
11 See historical data for this field.
46-50
38 See historical data for this field.
51-60
171 See historical data for this field.
61-70
63 See historical data for this field.
71-80
3 See historical data for this field.
81-90
0 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 11 11 38 171 63 3 0 0
Total <= 45: 22 Total >= 46: 275
Male 0 0 5 5 27 151 51 3 0 0 242
Female 0 0 6 6 11 20 12 0 0 0 55
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger3.7%1.68%2.02%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger7.41%3.37%4.04%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. For the 56 seats allocated by proportional representation (multi-member national constituency), political parties must include 50 percent women on their candidate lists. For the election of members to represent the Assembly’s 243 single-member constituencies, it is recommended that political parties include at least 30% women candidates.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,430
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
385
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
26.92%
Notes
1,118 candidates (including 213 women) stood for the majority system and 312 candidates (including 172 women) ran under the PR system.
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
385
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
26.92%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
243
Number of women elected
57
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
19%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
In all, 57 women were elected in 2020: 29 were elected under the majority system (out of 253 seats) and 28 were elected under the proportional representation system (out of 47 seats).
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
57

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
243
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
57
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Byeong Seug Park (Male)
Political party
Minjoo Party of Korea
Date of election
05.06.2020
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1948
Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1948
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1948
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1948

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Korean Women’s Parliamentary Network
(February 2016)
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
Networking between female parliamentarians and policy research regarding women's empowerment in politics.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
Yes

Contact information for the Committee

Address
Room 942, National Assembly Member’s Office Bldg
(서울특별시 영등포구 의사당대로1 국회의원회관 942호 )
Uisadang-daero 1
Yeongdeungpo-gu
Seoul
07233
Republic of Korea
Phone
+82-027883341
Fax number
+82-027840717