Republic of Korea

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
15.04.2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
29.05.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
300
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,430
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,045
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
385
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
26.92%
Notes
1,118 candidates (including 213 women) stood for the majority system and 312 candidates (including 172 women) ran under the PR system.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
41
Notes
Of the 41 parties contesting the election, 15 parties fielded candidates for both the majority and PR system; 6 parties fielded candidates only for the majority system and 20 parties had candidates only for the PR system.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
43,994,247
Votes Number of people who actually voted
29,126,396
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
66.21%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
President Moon Jae-in's Minjoo Party of Korea won the elections, taking 163 seats in the 300-member National Assembly, up from 123 recorded in the 2016 elections. The United Future Party (the main opposition party led by Mr. Hwang Kyo-ahn) came a distant second, wining 84 seats. Five other parties and independent candidates took the remaining seats, winning fewer than 20 seats each. Two defectors from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea were elected to the National Assembly. A record 57 women (19%) were elected, up from 51 (17%) in 2016.

The 2020 parliamentary elections were widely seen as a referendum of public confidence for President Moon Jae-in, who was elected in 2017. The elections were held amid the COVID 19 pandemic, using the new electoral system (see note). The government's handling of the COVID-19 pandemic reportedly boosted support for the ruling Minjoo Party. Patients receiving treatment were allowed to vote by mail and those under self-quarantine were allowed to vote after the polling booths closed to the other voters. In all, 66.2 per cent of nearly 44 million voters cast their ballot, the highest turnout since the 1992 elections which had recorded a 71.9 per cent turnout.

Note:
In December 2019, the National Assembly passed a law introducing the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system which replaced the Parallel System. The number of members elected under the majority system (253) and the proportional representation (PR) system (47) remained the same. Under the new system, up to 30 PR seats are allocated to compensate the disproportionality in the results from the majority system. In 2020, 30 of the 47 PR seats were allocated using the MMP while the remaining 17 seats were allocated using the Parallel System. In future elections, all the 47 PR seats will be allocated using the MMP.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
7
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
17.07%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
54.33%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Minjoo Party of Korea
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Majority Proportional
Minjoo Party of Korea 163 163 0
United Future Party 84 84 0
Future Korea Party 19 0 19
Citizen Party 17 0 17
Justice Party 6 1 5
Parti Minjoo ouvert 3 0 3
People’s Party 3 0 3
Independents 5 5 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
243
Number of women elected
57
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
19%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
In all, 57 women were elected in 2020: 29 were elected under the majority system (out of 253 seats) and 28 were elected under the proportional representation system (out of 47 seats).
Sources
National Assembly (16.04.2020)
National Election Commission (11.08.2020)
https://www.nec.go.kr
BBC
BBC Monitoring
CNN
Reuters
https://thediplomat.com
https://www.ned.org
http://www.koreaherald.com
Women Directly Elected
57

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
243
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
57
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
30.05.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Byeong Seug Park (Male)
Political party
Minjoo Party of Korea
Date of election
05.06.2020