New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Republic of Korea

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National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
13.04.2016
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
29.05.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
300
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,102
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
844
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
100
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
9.07%
Notes
Number of candidates: 944 (844 men, 100 women) under the majority system and 158 under the proportional representation system 
 Percentage of women candidates: 10.6% for the majority system.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
14
Notes
Number of parties contesting the election: 14 (under the PR system)

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
42,100,398
Votes Number of people who actually voted
24,430,746
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
58.03%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Minjoo Party of Korea (see note 1) created a surprise by defeating President Park Geun-hye's Saenuri Party by a one-seat margin, winning 123 seats in the 300-member National Assembly. The Saenuri Party ceased to be the largest parliamentary force for the first time since 2000 (see note 2). The People's Party, a new party established in February 2016 by former school dean Ahn Cheol-soo, fared well, taking 38 seats.
 
 The 2016 elections took place amid anxiety over an economic slowdown and rising youth unemployment. During the election campaign the major parties focused on economic issues, job creation and welfare projects. The elections were held shortly after the UN Security Council strengthened sanctions on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in response to a nuclear test in January and the use of ballistic missile technology in February. The major parties focused on national security issues, in particular policies towards the DPRK. 
 
 Note 1:
 In March 2014, the Democratic Party (formerly the Democratic United Party, DUP, which took 127 seats in the 2012 elections) and the New Political Vision Party merged to form the New Politics Alliance for Democracy. In December 2015, the Alliance was renamed as the Minjoo Party of Korea. The Minjoo Party's interim leader, Mr. Kim Chong-in, was formerly President Park's chief election campaigner and economic advisor, but joined the Minjoo Party in January 2016, criticizing the government's economic policies. 
 
 Note 2:
 The predecessor of the Saenuri Party, the Grand National Party, became the largest parliamentary force in 2000, taking 133 of the 273 seats at stake.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
4
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
28.57%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
41%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Note on the alternation of power
Presidential system
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Saenuri Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Minjoo Party of Korea 123
Saenuri Party 122
People's Party 38
Independents 11
Justice Party 6
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
249
Number of women elected
51
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
17%
Other notes
Note on the distribution of seats: The number of seats won by the Minjoo Party of Korea includes the Speaker. In accordance with the Act of the National Assembly, the Speaker may not belong to any party during his term in office.
Sources
National Assembly (14.04.2016, 12.05.2016, 09.06.2016) National Election Commission The Korea Times The Wall Street Journal The Diplomat
Women Directly Elected
51

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
249
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
51
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
30.05.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Chung, Sye-kyun (Male)
Political party
Minjoo Party of Korea
Date of election
09.06.2016