Republic of Moldova

Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
24.02.2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
23.02.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
28.02.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
101
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
954
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
622
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
332
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
34.8%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
15

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
2,803,573
Votes Number of people who actually voted
1,458,169
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
52.01%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
No parties secured a majority in the 101-member Parliament. In first place was the Party of Socialists (PSRM), a pro-Russian party effectively led by President Igor Dodon. PSRM was followed by the ruling Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM, led by Mr. Vlad Plahotniuc, a wealthy tycoon) and a pro-European bloc ACUM (see note 1). Although the newly elected Parliament held its first session on 24 March, the session was adjourned as there was no majority.

On 4 June, PSRM and ACUM, which jointly hold 61 seats, agreed to form a coalition. Former Speaker Andrian Candu (PDM) slammed the deal, stating: “The Russian Federation is trying to force the creation of the pro-Russian government.” PDM appealed to the Constitutional Court, arguing that the two parties had not met the constitutional deadline to form a government. PSRM and ACUM rebutted this, saying the deadline was 9 June – three months after the election results were certified (9 March). On 7 June, the Constitutional Court ruled that the deadline was actually 7 June (90 days after the certification of results) and ordered new elections. PSRM and ACUM criticized the Constitutional Court, saying it was controlled by the PDM leader, Mr. Plahotniuc.

President Dodon (PSRM) refused to sign the dissolution order. Parliament also defied the Court ruling. On 8 June, it elected a coalition government comprising PSRM and ACUM under the premiership of Ms. Maia Sandu, co-chair of ACUM. Parliament also elected Ms. Zinaida Greceanii (PSRM) as its new Speaker. However, the Constitutional Court stated that the Speaker’s election was “unconstitutional”, and that all future decisions of the Parliament would also be invalid. On 9 June, the Court suspended President Dodon and appointed Prime Minister Pavel Filip (PDM) as Acting President. Thousands of people gathered in the capital, Chisinau, in support of Mr. Filip. He dissolved Parliament and ordered new elections to be held on 6 September.

On 14 June, Mr. Filip announced his resignation as Acting President. PSRM and ACUM welcomed his decision. The new Prime Minister, Ms. Sandu, pledged to fight corruption, make the electoral system fairer (see note 2) and get foreign aid flowing.

Note 1:
ACUM (meaning Now) formed in December 2018. It is composed of the Party of Action and Solidarity (led by Ms. Maia Sandu), and the Dignity and Truth Platform Party (DA, led by Mr. Andrei Nastase). DA had been established as an anti-corruption civic movement because, in 2014, some $1 billion (about one eighth of the country’s GDP) disappeared from the Moldovan banking system. DA has claimed that PDM’s President, Vlad Plahotniuc, was involved in what was known as "the theft of the century". During the 2019 election campaign, ACUM pledged to oust PDM from power, accusing Mr. Plahotniuc of corruption and abuse of power.

Note 2:
The 2019 elections were the first to be held under a mixed system. Previously, a Party list system had been used. The mixed voting system was adopted in 2017 with the support of PDM and PSRM. MPs from the Party of Moldovan Communists (PCRM), the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM) and the Liberal Party (PL) boycotted the vote in protest, arguing that the Venice Commission had recommended not adopting the bill that established the mixed system without a political consensus.
Out of the 101 members, 50 are elected under a list proportional representation system and 51 under a majority system using single-member constituencies (first-past-the-post, FPTP). Of the 51 constituencies, 48 are in Moldova (including two for the breakaway Transnistria region) and three are abroad: one in the Commonwealth of Independent States, one in Europe and one in the United States. If a candidate is elected under both systems, he/she is deemed to have been elected through FPTP only.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
4
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
26.67%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
34.65%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Majority Proportional
Party of Socialists (PSRM) 35 17 18
Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM) 30 17 13
ACUM 26 12 14
Sor Party 7 2 5
Independents 3 3 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
75
Number of women elected
26
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
25.74%
Other notes
In accordance with the 2017 amendments to the electoral law, elections in February 2019 were held under the mixed system, under which 51 members were elected under the first-past-the-post system and another 50 members were elected under the proportional representation (PR) system.
In June 2019, the newly elected Parliament adopted a bill abolishing the mixed electoral system, reinstating the previous pure PR system. On 16 August, President Igor Dodon promulgated Law No. 113 of 15 June 2019.

Number of candidates: 632 candidates (including 264 women) under the proportional representation system; and 325 candidates (including 70 women) under the majority system.
Sources
Parliament (12.03.2019, 07.06.2019)
Central Electoral Commission (05.07.2019)
https://a.cec.md/ro
BBC Monitoring
BBC
Reuters
Euro News
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
MOLDPRES
Moldova.org
TASS
https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/moldova/412346?download=true
Women Directly Elected
26

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
75
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
26
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
63
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
21.03.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Zinaida Greceanîi (Female)
Political party
Party of Socialists (PSRM)
Date of election
08.06.2019