Republic of Moldova

Parliament

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
At the time of appointment
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the mandates of the new members are validated
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
5 Years
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Notes
according to the constitution, the mps cannot be detained, arrested or investigated without the consent of the parliament. at the request of the prosecutor general of lifting the parliamentary immunity of some mp in case of a criminal investigation in which this mp is implied, the parliament will proceed by adopting through a majority vote the decision on the consent of lifting this immunity for apprehending, arresting, searching and suing the respective mp.

currently, on the parliamentary agenda is registered a draft law which provides the possibility of initiation of a prosecution against an mp without prior consent of the parliament.
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
217,560
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Names of the basic allowances
Non-taxable monthly compensation for expenses related to the performance of duties, protocol and promotion expenses, paid based on declaration of expenses submitted by deputies & non-taxable annual compensation for treatment expenses, in the amount of a monthly salary.

(Law no. 39-XIII of April 7, 1994 on the status of Members of Parliament, and the Decision of the Permanent Bureau no. 2/2015)

Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Members are provided with a serviced apartment or a non-taxable monthly allowance for renting a living space, in case of lack of living space in Chisinau.

Service transport or non-taxable monthly allowance for transport
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker no
Committee Chair no
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
The salary is adopted by law, approved by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Allowances and compensatory payments are approved by the Permanent Bureau of the Parliament
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Not available.
Amount of allowances received by each member
No

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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