New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments




About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Jatiya Sangsad (Parliament)
Chamber name
Jatiya Sangsad (Parliament)
Parliamentary term (years)

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1972-01 to 1975-01
from 1986-01 to 2008-01
from 2009-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group


Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of Parliament
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (Female)
Year of birth
Additional information
Elected on 30 Apr. 2013, re-elected on 29 Jan. 2014 and on 30 Jan. 2019.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Senior Secretary
Secretary general
Zafar Ahmed Khan (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
14 Nov. 2018 -


Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirectly elected: These seats, reserved for women, are distributed to political parties in proportion to their overall share of the votes received in the election. The candidates are approved by a vote of parliament. In accordance with the constitutional amendment (Fifteenth Amendment Act) passed by parliament on 30 June 2011, the number of seats reserved for women in parliament has increased from 45 to 50, bringing the total number of seats to 350.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
7.33% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
460,574 See historical data for this field.


Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Oldest member
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 1 19 33 42 105 110 39 1 0
Total <= 45: 53 Total >= 46: 297
Male 0 1 14 26 31 84 94 29 1 0 280
Female 0 0 5 7 11 21 16 10 0 0 70
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0.29%0.29%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger5.71%4.29%1.43%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger15.14%11.71%3.43%
Members for whom data is available

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Number of reserved seats, by group
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Fifty seats shall be reserved exclusively for women members, who will be elected by the aforesaid members in accordance with the law on the basis of proportional representation in Parliament by single transferable vote.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.