New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Bangladesh

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
05.01.2014
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
24.01.2014
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.12.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
300
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
380
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
12

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
92,007,113
Votes Number of people who actually voted
47,262,168
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
51.37%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Bangladesh Awami League (AL) and its allies, led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, took a total of 245 seats of the 300 seats at stake. The elections were boycotted by an 18-party opposition alliance, led by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). Due to the boycott, a total of 153 seats were decided uncontested. The Jatiya Party led by former president Hussain Mohammad Ershad took 34 seats. The 2014 elections were the first to be held after the Constitution was amended in 2011, abolishing the provision to set up a caretaker government to organize national elections. The BNP, led by former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia, had argued unsuccessfully for the restoration of the caretaker government provision prior to the elections. In November 2013, Prime Minister Hasina installed an "all-party" interim government comprising only the AL and its allies, under her leadership. BNP leader Zia said such a government would undermine the fairness of the process and announced that the BNP would boycott the elections. During the election campaigning, Prime Minister Hasina promised to build a "poverty and hunger-free developed prosperous country". The Jatiya Party argued that elections would not be credible if many political parties did not participate, and withdrew in early December. However, it later re-joined the elections, pledging to uphold Islamic values. Protests continued through to polling day. At least 21 people were killed and over 100 polling centres were set on fire in the run-up to the elections and on the day itself. Note: The breakdown of the seats won by the AL-led Alliance: - Bangladesh Awami League (AL) (232 seats) - Bangladesh Workers Party (6 seats) - Jatiyo Samajtantrik Dal (JSD) (5 seats) - Bangladesh Tarikat Federation (2 seats)
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
7
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
58.33%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
91%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Bangladesh Awami League, (AL)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total General seats Women seats
Bangladesh Awami League (AL) 273 234 39
Jatiya Party 40 34 6
Independents 19 16 3
Bangladesh Workers Party 7 6 1
Jatiya Samajtantric Dal (JSD) 6 5 1
Jatiya Party-JP 2 2 0
Bangladesh Tarikat Federation 2 2 0
Bangladesh Nationalist Front (BNF) 1 1 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
281
Number of women elected
69
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
23%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
-As at 17 April 2014, there were 69 women (19 under the general seats,50 under the reserved seats for women) out of a total of 348 members. -The two remaining seats went to male candidates from the Bangladesh Awami League (AL), giving it a total of 273 seats out of the full 350 members. The number of women thus remained at 69. Thre women, elected under the reserved seats for women as independents, subsequently joined the AL, giving the party a total of 276 seats: 234 general seats and 42 reserved seats for women. -Following the death of male members (two from the AL and one from the Jatiya Party), by-elections were held on 22 June, 8 July and 3 December 2014. One of the seats went to the widow of the deceased MP, bringing the total number of women to 70 out of the full 350 members (20 under the general seats and 50 under the reserved seats for women). -Both parties retained their seats in the by-elections. The number of seats held by each party remained unchanged after the by-elections
Other notes
Number of seats at stake: 300. Elections were held only for 147 seats since 153 were decided uncontested. Number of candidates: 380 for the 147 contested seats.
Sources
Parliament (30.01.2014, 03.04.2014, 17.04.2014, 01.01.2015, 26.01.2015, 01.01.2017) International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance
Women Directly Elected
69

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
281
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
69
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
145
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
29.01.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury (Female)
Political party
Bangladesh Awami League (AL)
Date of election
29.01.2014