New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Romania

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Chamber of Deputies

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Oversight

Data on parliament’s oversight role and activities

Oversight tools

Parliament has the power to summon members of the government
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 111 (2)
Parliament has the power to summon senior government officials
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution
Parliament has the power to approve key government appointments Key government appointments include, for example, ambassadors or the head of the central bank.
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Romanian Constitution, Art.65(2)-i) & 103; Law No. 312 / 28.06.2004, Art.33 (3)
Approximate number of government appointments subject to parliamentary approval
12
Number of written questions asked, per year
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Number of written questions answered by the government, per year
Not available
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Parliament has power to carry out inquiries
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
ARTICLE 40 (1) – Republished Statutes of the Chamber of Deputies
Number of parliamentary inquiries, per year
Not available
See historical data for this field.

Head of State and/or Government

Head of State and/or Government
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of Government Some parliaments elect the Head of Government or approve the nomination for the Head of Government. Others do not play a role.
Other (please specify)
Notes
“The President of Romania shall designate a candidate to the office of Prime Minister as a result of his consultation with the party which has obtained absolute majority in Parliament, or – unless such majority exists with the parties represented in Parliament”.
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 103
The Head of Government is also the Head of State
No
Parliament’s role
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of State Some parliaments designate the Head of State or approve the nomination for the Head of Government. Others do not play a role.
Parliament does not play a role
Notes
“President of Romania shall be elected by universal, equal, direct, secret an free suffrage”; “The election returns for the Presidency of Romania shall be validated by the Constitutional Court”.
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 81 and 82

Impeachment and confidence motions

Procedure for parliament
There is a procedure for parliament to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution There is a procedure to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution: Not applicable (there is no procedure); The whole Government; The Head of Government; The Head of State; Individual members of the Executive; Other (please specify)
Individual members of the Executive
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 156-159
Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment In bicameral parliaments: Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment: Lower chamber; Upper chamber; Not applicable
Lower chamber
Impeachment Role
There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution: Not applicable (there is no procedure); The whole Government; The Head of Government; Individual members of the Executive; Other (please specify)
The whole Government
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 113
Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence In bicameral parliaments: Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence: Lower chamber; Upper chamber; Not applicable
Lower chamber
Parliament is automatically dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted In some countries, the adoption of a motion of no confidence in the Government automatically leads to the dissolution of Parliament in certain countries. In other cases, a new government can be formed.
No