Romania

Chamber of DeputiesSenate

Chamber of Deputies

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
4 Année
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
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Notes
ministry of justice must immediately notify speaker. if the chamber should find there are no grounds for detention, it shall order immediate cancellation of such measure, to the secret vote of the majority members of the chamber. the provision for revocation of detention shall be executed immediately by the minister of justice.

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
224,640 (2020)
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Basic allowances
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Names of the basic allowances
Basic allowances are an average of the amount received per member.

Expenses paid for mandated travel (accommodation, transport) and mobile phone subscription.

Constituency allowance.

A daily attendance allowance (diurnă) is only received by members who do not reside in Bucharest or Ilfov County, along with an allowance to cover travel from their constituency (Law no. 96/2006, Art. 41).

A set daily allowance of 261lei may also be received by deputies who travel within the country on official parliamentary business, including activities related to the citizens' organizations belonging to the national minorities, within the number of days established by the Permanent Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies (Decision of the joint Permanent Bureaus of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate no. 1/2018).
Attendance allowance Amount of the attendance allowance in national currency.
261
Periodicity of attendance allowance Attendance allowances may for example be paid by day, month, year or session.
Day
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Lump sums received monthly to cover expenses with setting up, organizing and running constituency offices (rental, utilities, maintenance, salaries of staff, mobile telephone and internet subscription, office supplies, fuel, taxi, protocol etc.)

Travel allowances to go to, from, and travel within constituencies by car, train and plane.

Accommodation in the capital city is paid for Deputies who do not reside in Bucharest or Ilfov County and accommodation in constituencies is paid for members who do not live in their constituencies.

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes
Committee Chair yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Gross annual basic salary:

Speaker: 287,040
Deputy-Speaker: RON 262,072
Secretary and Quaestor: RON 262,080
Head of parliamentary group: RON 249,600
Chairperson of Committees: RON 242,112
Vice-chairperson of Committees: RON 234,624
Secretary of Committees: RON 229,632
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Member salaries are stipulated in Law no. 153/2017 on the remuneration of staff paid from public funds, with subsequent amendments and completions, adopted by Parliament.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Stipulated via Law no. 153/2017 on the remuneration of staff paid from public funds, with subsequent amendments and completions, adopted by Parliament.
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Notes
Law no. 153/2017, Art. 13(1) stipulates that the gross national minimum wage guaranteed in payment is used to establish salaries for public dignity positions

The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
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