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Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Russian Federation

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State Duma

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theCouncil of the Federation

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
18.09.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.09.2021
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
450
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Notes
Number of candidates: About 6,500
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
14

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
110,061,200
Votes Number of people who actually voted
52,700,992
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
47.88%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
United Russia, led by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, won a clear victory. It increased its share of seats from 53% to 76% in the 450-member State Duma. Three other parties, which were generally supportive to the presidency in the outgoing legislature, maintained their parliamentary representation with a significantly reduced number of seats. The Communist Party (KPRF), led by Mr. Gennady Zyuganov, remained the second largest party. The Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) of Mr. Vladimir Zhirinovsky became the third largest party, ahead of A Just Russia, led by the former Chairman of the Council of the Republic, Mr. Sergey Mironov. The main opposition parties - Yabloko and People's Freedom Party (PARNAS) – failed to win parliamentary representation. The elections also took place in Crimea, a Ukrainian territory annexed by Russia in 2014, and these were contested by Ukraine and other countries. The annexation triggered economic sanctions against Russia from the US, the European Union and other countries. Russia's economy officially entered into recession in 2015. During the election campaign, Prime Minister Medvedev called on voters' support, stating that the country was "under pressure from outside forces" and needed to come together. President Vladimir Putin promised to provide "stability in society and the political system".
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
42.86%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
76.22%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
United Russia 343
Communist Party (KPRF) 42
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) 39
A Just Russia 23
Rodina (Motherland) 1
Civic Platform (Grazhdanskaya Platforma) 1
Independents 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
393
Number of women elected
57
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
12.67%
Other notes
Note on the distribution of seats: One independent candidate elect joined the United Russia before the first session of the newly elected State Duma.
Sources
State Duma (05.10.2016, 01.01.2017) Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation Russian News Agency OSCE Parliamentary Assembly
Women Directly Elected
57

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
393
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
57
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
197
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
05.10.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Vyacheslav Volodin (Male)
Political party
United Russia
Date of election
05.10.2016